Job vacancies decrease in August

Gender salary gap widens in 2009; household income down 1.2%

Job seekers 311 (photo credit: Ariel Jerozolimski/The Jerusalem Post)
Job seekers 311
(photo credit: Ariel Jerozolimski/The Jerusalem Post)
There were 53,800 job vacancies in the private sector in August, down 13 percent from 62,000 in July, after four consecutive months of increases, the Central Bureau of Statistics reported Wednesday.
“The figures for August point to a decline in the number of job vacancies,” the statistics bureau said. “At the same time, there was a fall in the number of salaried employees, following five consecutive months of growth. However, compared with the same month last year, the number of job vacancies in August this year was 27% higher.”
Since the beginning of the year, the number of job vacancies rose gradually from 40,500 in January to 62,000 in July as the economy emerged out of the global economic crisis and demand for workers increased. The number of employed people grew gradually from 2,037,200 in February to 2,148,300 in July, before falling to 2,118,300 in August.
It was too early to speak of a negative trend, since July and August figures are not seasonally adjusted and are subject to changes in the coming months, the report said.
The largest fall in available jobs in August was found in medium-sized companies employing 10 to 49 workers.
The biggest drop in the number of job vacancies in August was found in the wholesale-trade sector, down 3,400, followed by the business-services sector, down 3,300. In the June-August period, occupations with the largest number of job vacancies included sales representatives and advisers, waiters and engineers.
The statistics bureau’s survey, which collects monthly data about job vacancies in the private sector, was launched in May 2009. It was introduced during Israel’s accession process to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to provide main economic indicators. The survey includes data of businesses in all economic activities, except for small businesses with less than five employees and agriculture businesses that are seasonal.
The statistics bureau also published its annual income survey for 2009 on Wednesday. It pointed to persistent gender inequalities in salaries. Israel’s Gini Index, a measurement of income inequality, which increased gradually over the past 10 years, edged up moderately in 2009 to 0.389 from 0.384 in 2008.
“Israel’s Gini Index is higher than in the countries of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, which stood at 0.31,” the report said.
Last year, men with full-time jobs earned gross average income of NIS 9,526, while women earned NIS 6,280, representing a gender gap of 34%. The average hourly wage was NIS 50.4 for men and NIS 42.6 for women, a disparity of 15.5%. Gross average household income was NIS 13,578 in 2009, down 1.2% from 2008.

“Part of the gender pay gap in average monthly incomes derives from differences in the number of weekly working hours between men and women, which amounted to 44.9 and 35.5 respectively,” the report said. “Therefore, when taking into account the calculation of average hourly wages, the gender gap narrows to 15.5%.”
The largest gender gap in hourly income (25%) was among male (NIS 37) and female (NIS 27.6) agents and sales workers, followed by male (NIS 35.8) and female (NIS 27.9) skilled workers, and male (NIS 81.4) and female (NIS 65.1) academics. The smallest gender gap in hourly incomes (10%) was among male (NIS 27.4) and female (NIS 24.7) unskilled workers.