The administration of President George W. Bush has thrown its support behind retooled legislation that would allow the United States to share civilian nuclear technology with India. The White House is eager to receive congressional approval for what is promoted as a major shift in the United States' policy toward India. But earlier legislation proposed by the administration met with skepticism even among supporters of the landmark plan to ship nuclear fuel and technology to India in return for nuclear safeguards and inspections. For the accord to become a reality, Congress must exempt India from US laws that restrict trade with countries, such as India, that have not submitted to full nuclear inspections. Critics fear the plan would allow unfriendly countries to build nuclear weapons programs with impunity, using imported civilian nuclear technology.