Eni suspends Iran's debt payments in oil

Complete halt to Iranian crude supply to Europe starting in July after unexpected decision by major Italian oil importer.

Iranian crude oil supertanker "Delvar"_370 (photo credit: Tim Chong/Reuters)
Iranian crude oil supertanker "Delvar"_370
(photo credit: Tim Chong/Reuters)
LONDON - Italy's Eni, which has been receiving payments in oil from Iran for debts, is reworking the deal and is unlikely to import crude in July after European Union sanctions on Tehran take effect, market sources said on Thursday.
The unexpected decision by the Italian oil major, which is exempted from the embargo on imports, will lead to a complete halt in Iranian crude supply to Europe in July.
"Even though Eni is able to continue importing cargoes, because of the sanctions there are other details it needs to organize," a person with knowledge of the deal said. He declined to be named due to the sensitivity of the matter.
The market sources said it was not clear when Iran's crude deliveries to Eni would resume.
"I do not know when Eni will be able to import the next cargo."
Spokesmen for the energy company declined to comment.
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The last cargoes of crude are already on their way from Iran to Europe ahead of the EU measures which become effective on July 1, traders said.
Eni's chief executive Paolo Scaroni had said in March that Iran still owed the company $1.0-1.4 billion worth of oil, and that it had a special exemption enabling it to continue receiving that crude despite the EU embargo.
The EU will join the United States in imposing a total ban on imports of Iranian oil to pressure Tehran over its nuclear program that the West suspects may be aimed at developing nuclear weapons. Tehran says its research is for peaceful purposes.
Other oil companies in the Mediterranean including Spain's Cepsa and three other Italian oil firms, ERG, Iplom and Saras have planned to take their last cargoes from Iran in June, other market sources said.
This is because the physical crude oil market typically trades 30-40 days ahead and any June deliveries have already been fixed.
"With our term contract the last barrels are going to be lifted in June and that's all," a source with one of the companies said. He also declined to speak on the record.
The volume of Iranian crude imports to Europe has already fallen to a fraction of the 700,000 barrels per day delivered before tension escalated last year.
The drop has been caused by several European companies, including Royal Dutch Shell and Spain's Repsol deciding to halt imports from Iran even before the sanctions took effect.
Iraq and Russia are likely to emerge as the most flexible sources of alternative supply to the lost Iranian crude, which is medium to heavy and sour - meaning it has high sulphur content.
Some small refineries remain cautious about taking Saudi Arabian oil as this requires signing up to contracts for fixed periods.
"We will buy (Iraqi) Kirkuk," another source said. "We always speak with Saudi Aramco and they are very reliable but it does not make economic sense sometimes."
Iran has held talks with Western countries in Baghdad but the hopes for a resolution are still vague. Shortly after the round, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said much work remained to be done and sanctions would stay in place.
Iran's foreign ministry in return warned Western countries this week that pursuing economic sanctions would jeopardize the chances of reaching an agreement.