Three Church of Scientology kindergartens are operating in Tel Aviv without the knowledge or the approval of the Education Ministry, reports Yediot Tel Aviv. One of the three, in Nahalat Yitzhak, received a ministry license without the ministry's knowing that it operates on Scientology principles. According to the report, the church, which originated in the US in the 1950s, believes that people are often "blocked" from learning and from developing by painful buried memories, and proposes some controversial educational and therapeutic techniques. Some of the methods employed by the church have been banned in the US and in Germany, among other countries. The report said the Nahalat Yitzhak kindergarten, which contains some 90 children, received a license from the Education Ministry, but the ministry did not know that it was run according to church principles. The other two kindergartens, in Yad Eliyahu in south Tel Aviv and in Sderot Kakal in north Tel Aviv, are operating without licenses altogether. A ministry spokesman said the Nahalat Yitzhak kindergarten had been granted a temporary license, valid to the end of the current school year, after it met safety and health requirements. The spokesman said the kindergarten's pedagogic content would be scrutinized this year with a view to deciding if it would be granted a permanent license. He said the kindergarten was not known to the ministry as a Scientology kindergarten, and a ministry supervisor had not detected any signs of the church there. He also said the kindergarten teacher had denied any involvement in the sect.