VIEWERS USE virtual-reality headsets to watch enemy combatants answer provocative questions at the Tel Aviv International Student Film Festival on Sunday..
(photo credit: ELIYAHU KAMISHER)
In Tel Aviv on Sunday, Gilad, a broad-shouldered IDF reservist, and Abu Khalid, a skinny masked fighter for the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), stood facing each other in a room.
They are sworn enemies. However, in Tel Aviv they calmly told their stories and answered a series of questions.
“What is violence? Who is your enemy? Have you killed your enemy? What is peace to you?” the combatants were asked. Both Gilad and Abu Khaled answer, maintaining continual eye contact amid a group of curious onlookers.
This scene may seem a bit unreal, and that is because it is, at least partially. While Gilad and Abu Khaled are real people who give real answers, they are viewed through a hyper-realistic virtual-reality headset that projects 3D animation of the Israeli and Palestinian men that is then interwoven with prerecorded interviews.
The project, called The Enemy
, is showing as a part of the Tel Aviv International Student Film Festival until Saturday and is the brainchild of veteran war photographer Karim Ben Khelifa. Along with the Israeli-Palestinian component, Khelifa interviewed two rival gang members in El Salvador, and combatants from the Democratic Republic of Congo. The purpose, according to Khelifa, is for the audience to think differently about polarized conflicts by encountering humanity on both sides.
“In conflict and areas like this, especially here, there is less interaction between the two people. And the less you have interaction the more the narrative of dehumanization is taking place because there is nothing to counter it,” said Khelifa.
Forming the installation took some time, however, finding the combatants was the easiest part as “there is no shortage.”
But the photographer did have some trouble with the IDF, which refused to offer an active duty soldier to participate in the project alongside the PFLP, a designated terrorist organization by Israel, the United States, the European Union.
“The army said ‘how dare you bring in front of each other a terrorist and a regular army of a country recognized by the United Nations?’” remarked Khelifa. “But the point is not about putting equal armies in front of each other,” he added, “it’s putting enemies in front of each other and listening to those people – the people they don’t meet.”
The project began from a sense of frustration. After years of working in conflict zones like Iraq, Afghanistan, the Congo and elsewhere, Khelifa felt his photos had little impact on the people being photographed.
“Should a journalist have an impact? I think so,” he remarked. “Sending the work back to Israel today or Palestine today is super important so you can start looking at things slightly different. You can start taking into account another way and it can stick with you, hopefully in a more powerful and permanent way than my work before.”
Viewers of the installation are taken through three separate virtual rooms where they encounter the combatants.
There is Jean de Dieu, a member of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo, who said he has not felt joy since he was a child.
A shirtless and tattooed Amilclar Vladamir, of the Barrio 18 Gang in El Salvador, hopes he can give his kids a life different than his.
Gilad and Abu Khaled both share similar aspirations, they hope for peace and an end to conflict and their personal stories allows the viewer to empathize with both parties.
The project intentionally skirts the details of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which often force people to take sides, instead of seeking to highlight humanity.
Following the project, Gilad and Abu Khaled even had the chance to meet the other’s hologram. Their initial reactions were highly skeptical and it’s unclear what would happen if they actually met in person, but the fighters still support the project.
“They’ve had to counter years of war and training,” said Khelifa, “To go out to fight you need to be motivated.”
was co-produced by Camera Lucida Productions, France Télévisions Nouvelles Ecritures, National Film Board of Canada, Dpt. and Emissive.