Ever since the treaty signed by then-Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and then-Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, way back in March 1979, Egyptian-Israeli relations have been somewhat equivocal. The widely-used term “cold peace” seemed most apt to describe them. Over the years neither the Egyptian public, nor its various leaders, have exhibited a great deal of enthusiasm for a genuine friendship with Israel. Yet, through thick and thin, the peace treaty has held.

Its main features, drawn up following Sadat’s historic visit to Israel in 1977, were cessation of the state of war that had existed since 1948, Israel’s complete withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula captured during the 1967 Six-Day War, mutual recognition and normalization of relations.

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