sea creature 311.
(photo credit: courtesy)
Some 1,200 new species and varieties have been discovered during the
just-concluded first world “census” of marine life.
The director of the
census, Jesse Ausubel, will participate in a conference on Monday at the Israel
Academy of Sciences and the Humanities in Jerusalem. The occasion will also be
marked by the screening there of Oceans, completed last year, which is
considered one of the greatest nature films ever made.
cost $370 million, and 3,000 scientists from 80 countries – including three
Israelis – participated in it.
The Israeli conference was initiated and
will be chaired by Prof. Alex Keinan, an adviser to academy president Prof. Ruth
Keinan notes that while the creatures that live on land have been
studied since the Renaissance, the sea and its bottom had never been studied
systematically until now. The Jerusalem meeting will be held to show biologists
who specialize in animal life, and scientists in general, the findings and huge
unpublished database that resulted from the decade-long work.
crabs, fish, worms and other “new” creatures that have been discovered is the
first multi-cell organism to be identified that can live without oxygen. It was
found on the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea south of Crete by an Italian
scientist. Sea plants, fish and bacteria unknown until now were also
Ausubel, who is director of the program for the human
environment at Rockefeller University in Manhattan and program director for the
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, has played major roles in the formulation of both
the US and world climate research programs.