A senior German defense figure said in a report this week that Iran may be
significantly further ahead in its nuclear weapons program than public
intelligence assessments have so far suggested.
Hans Ruhle, who directed
the planning department of the German Defense Ministry from 1982 to 1988, argued
that Iran may have been involved in the detonation of an experimental uranium
nuclear bomb in North Korea in 2010.
The article, which appeared on the
website of the German daily Die Welt
, said that many intelligence agencies
believe that at least one of the two nuclear tests that occurred in North Korea
in 2010 was an Iranian atomic weapon.
Some agencies believe that North
Korea used its nuclear weapons expertise to test a weapon of mass destruction on
behalf of Iran, Ruhle wrote.
Ruhle, who is widely respected among defense
and security officials in Germany, said that “Iran’s military was capable in
2010 of testing a nuclear warhead in North Korea. It is, therefore, not
surprising that some intelligence agencies are now of the view that North Korea,
in fact, in 2010 conducted at least one nuclear test for Iran.”
expert Ephraim Kam of Tel Aviv University’s Institute for National Securities Studies said the claim was in the
realm of the possible.
“There is cooperation between Iran and North Korea
on missiles, but that can also spill over into the nuclear field,” Kam, who
served in the Research Division of the IDF’s Military Intelligence, told The
“I wouldn’t say it’s impossible,” he added.
report is true, Kam continued, the main question is whether the Iranians were
observers, or whether they took an active part in the nuclear
“If they carried out the test on their own, this is a very
different story,” Kam said.
In his article, Ruhle said intelligence
agencies have observed close work between North Korean and Iranian nuclear
Ruhle’s report followed an article published in last month’s
edition of the scientific journal Nature
that said that North Korea likely
conducted two secret nuclear weapons tests in 2010. The article was written by
Swedish nuclear physicist Lars-Erik de Geer, who works for the Swedish Defense
Research Agency in Stockholm.
In December 2010, Western media outlets
cited South Korean media reports on a deep tunnel that was being dug by the
North Koreans, possibly for a nuclear experiment. Other reports from the same
period mentioned an Iranian team of nuclear scientists who had visited North
Korea to carry out a joint nuclear test.
Iran expert Prof. Raymond
Tanter, who is an adjunct scholar at the Washington Institute for Near East
Policy, told the Post
that claims in the Die Welt
report that Iran had already
begun working on its nuclear weapons program in the first half of the 1980s were
reinforced by independent evidence.
“In 1984, Tehran built a new nuclear
research lab at the Isfahan Nuclear Technology Center (INTC). Well hidden from
the IAEA, experiments at INTC included uranium enrichment and fuel production,”
said Tanter, who served on the National Security Council staff for the
Reagan-Bush White House.
The Isfahan nuclear site received notoriety
after an opposition organization, the National Council of Resistance of Iran,
exposed a “sprawling uranium conversion facility used to convert uranium
‘yellowcake’ into uranium hexafluoride, the feedstock for centrifuges,” Tanter
“And contrary to [the late supreme leader of Iran] Ayatollah
Khomeini’s supposed abhorrence to nuclear weapons as being anti-Islamic, he sent
a 1988 letter at the close of the Iran-Iraq War to his top officials
acknowledging a need for atomic weapons within five years to win that war,”