Jerusalem Report

Gauchos Judios

Tracking the lost Jewish communities in the Argentine provinces.

Argentina Jews
Photo by: JUDITH SUDILOVSKY
 JEWISH IMMIGRATION to Argentina began during Spanish colonial times, as Jews fled the strong arm of the Spanish Inquisition to the open expanses of the New World. However, perhaps the most colorful chapter in the history of Argentine Jewry began in the late 1800s, when Jews escaping East European pogroms were among the many immigrants making their way to the country thanks to its open-door policy.

With the help of French Jewish philanthropist Baron Maurice de Hirsch, who had founded the Jewish Colonization Association to build autonomous agricultural settlements for Eastern European Jews, Jewish settlements were established in the provinces of Buenos Aires, Entre Rios and Santa Fe.



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