70,000 protest Assad as Arab monitors arrive
LAST UPDATED: 12/27/2011 14:51
Tear-gas fired to deter bigger demonstration; residents urge Arab monitors to see signs of "slaughter."
BEIRUT - Tens of
thousands of Syrians in Homs rallied on Tuesday against President Bashar
al-Assad, emboldened by Arab peace monitors' first tour of the
flashpoint city, after the army withdrew some tanks following battles
that killed 34 people in 24 hours.
"There are at least 70,000 protesters. They are marching towards the
city center and the security forces are trying to stop them. They are
firing tear gas," Rami Abdelrahman of the British-based Syrian
Observatory for Human Rights told Reuters.
Syrian forces kill at least 23 protesters in Homs
'Military action in Syria is lesser evil'
The observers want to determine if Assad is keeping his promise to implement a peace plan to end his uncompromising military crackdown on nine months of popular revolt that has generated an armed uprising, edging Syria towards civil war.
Some protesters shouted "we want international protection" in a video posted on YouTube apparently showing a street encounter with the Arab League observers in which some residents argued and pleaded with them to venture further into the Baba Amr quarter, where clashes have been especially fierce.
Bursts of gunfire erupted towards the end of a video, after a resident yelled at one monitor to repeat what he had just told his headquarters.
"You were telling the head of the mission that you cannot cross to the second street because of the gunfire. Why don't you say it to us?" the man shouted, grabbing the unidentified monitor by his jacket.
The monitor said he was not authorized to make statements.
Gunshots crackled nearby as two monitors and two men wearing orange
vests stood amid a crowd of residents, one begging the team to "come and
see; they are slaughtering us, I swear."
Activist reports just before the monitors arrived said up to a dozen
tanks were seen leaving Baba Amr but others were being hidden to fashion
a false impression of relative normality in the city while observers
"My house is on the eastern entrance of Baba Amr. I saw at least six
tanks leave the neighborhood at around 8 in the morning (0600 GMT),"
Mohamed Saleh told Reuters by telephone. "I do not know if more remain
in the area."
Al Jazeera television showed an estimated 20,000 Syrians in a square in
Khalidiya, one of four districts where there has been bloodshed as
rebels fight security forces using tanks.
They were whistling and shouting and waving flags, playing music over
loudspeakers and clapping. Women were advised to leave because of the
risk of bloodshed. But a speaker urged the men to "come down, brothers."
The protesters shouted "We have no one but God" and "Down with the
regime". An activist named Tamir told Reuters they planned to hold a
sit-in in the square.
"We tried to start a march down to the main market but the organizers
told us to stop, it's too dangerous. No one dares go down to the main
streets. So we will stay in Khalidiya and we will stay here in the
square and we will not leave from here."
Assad increasingly isolated
The autocratic Assad is internationally isolated. Western powers and his
neighbors Turkey and Jordan have called on him to step down, which
would end a 41-year-old family dynasty.
He says he is fighting Islamist terrorism steered from abroad and has
defied calls to make way for a reformist succession as has transpired in
Egypt, Libya and Tunisia after popular uprisings toppled dictators this
Armed insurgency is eclipsing civilian protest in Syria. Many fear a
slide to sectarian war between the Sunni Muslim majority, the driving
force of the protest movement, and minorities that have mostly stayed
loyal to the government, particularly the Alawite sect to which Assad
Analysts say the Arab League is anxious to avoid civil war. Western
powers have shown no desire to intervene militarily in a volatile region
of Middle East conflict. The UN Security Council is split, with Russia -
a major arms supplier to Assad - and China opposed to any hint of
Assad's opponents appear divided on aims and tactics. He retains strong
support in important areas - including Damascus and the second city
Aleppo - of the country, and maintains a critical anti-Israel alliance
Opposition willing to "wait and see"
Homs protesters appeared to take heart from the monitors' sudden
presence. They want to impress on the Arab League mission that it must
not let its teams be hoodwinked by the state and be shown places where
life looks relatively normal.
As the monitors arrived, tanks were seen leaving the Baba Amr district
which activists say was pounded for the past four days. Hundreds have
been killed in Homs in the revolt - among the 5,000 the United Nations
have died as a result of violence nationwide since protests began in
In Baba Amr on Monday, activist video showed bodies in pieces and
buildings smashed as if by heavy weapons. The images were impossible to
verify but hard to fake.
"We do not want to jump to conclusions and say that this delegation is
not objective or did not look for the truth," said Moulhem Droubi, top
ranking Muslim Brotherhood member on the Syrian National Council, the
opposition umbrella group in exile.
"It is not fair yet to judge. Let's wait and see what it will do," he told Reuters by phone from somewhere outside Syria.
"I expect it will be able to write a report with many facts because the
facts are so clear. If they go to Baba Amr they will see that there is
On the border with Turkey, Syrian forces killed "several" men from an
"armed terrorist group" trying to cross into Syria, the state news
agency SANA said on Tuesday.
The northern border has become the route of choice for infiltration by
army defectors fighting to topple Assad since Turkey's government, once a
close ally, parted ways with him over the bloody repression of
SANA also reported that said "an armed terrorist group targeted and
sabotaged a gas pipeline near Rastan in Homs province" on Tuesday. The
pipeline has been attacked several times in recent months and returned
to operation each time.
Damascus has barred most foreign journalists from the country, making it hard to check events on the ground.
Syria stalled the Arab League for months before accepting the monitoring
mission, the first significant international intervention on the ground
since the start of the popular revolt inspired by Arab pro-democracy
uprisings this year.
The Arab delegation, led by Sudanese General Mustafa Dabi, started with
50 monitors who arrived on Monday. About 100 more are to follow soon.
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