Egyptian president Mohamed Morsy chose two religious military men to replace
defense minster and armed forces chief Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi and
Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Sami Enan.
Tantawi’s replacement, 57-
year-old Gen. Abdel Fattah Sisi, denied links to the Muslim Brotherhood, after
an Egyptian television host, Tawfiq Okasha, accused him of having close ties to
the Islamist group when Morsy was declared the winner of the presidential
Sisi first served in the infantry and became a military
officer in 1969, but unlike Tantawi has no combat record.
Sisi has served in a number of leadership positions including chief of staff and
later head of the army’s Northern Command. When the Supreme Council of the Armed
Forces took power in February 2011, Sisi – one of the junta’s youngest members –
was appointed head of military intelligence and reconnaissance.
Sisi has not appeared frequently in the Egyptian media, his name hit headlines
in early 2011, after he admitted that the army had used the “virginity tests,”
causing SCAF considerable embarrassment.
Months later, in June 2011, Sisi
pledged to Amnesty International that the army would no longer carry out forced
“virginity tests” on female detainees, which the military had previously said
were conducted to protect soldiers against rape allegations.
Amnesty, Sisi also said the army should change its culture and that he had
instructed soldiers not to use violence against demonstrators.
religious military man, Gen. Sidqi Sobhi, was Morsy’s choice to replace Enan,
who had been a favorite of the American military and was previously considered
Tantawi’s likely successor.
Sobhi, aged 56, had headed the Third Field
Army based in Suez, across the Gulf of Suez from Sinai. He began his military
career in the 19th Infantry Division of the Third Field Army, which is noted for
achieving strategic objectives against Israel in the Yom Kippur War.
commander of the Third Field Army, he was responsible for securing Egypt’s Suez
and Red Sea provinces.
Sobhi was widely quoted in the Egyptian press
earlier this year, after accusing Israel of a “Zionist plot” to weaken national
identity among Egypt’s youth.
According to Egyptian daily Al-Masry
al-Youm, Sobhi said that “Tel Aviv” had mobilized political organizations to
confuse young Egyptians and encourage them to adopt “subversive
As chief of staff, Sobhi will now have to oversee the Egyptian
army’s operations against Islamist terrorists in Sinai, following the August 5
attack that killed 16 soldiers.
Morsy also appointed a senior judge and
Muslim Brotherhood favorite, Mahmoud Mekki, as vice president.
elder brother is Ahmed Mekki, who was appointed justice minister in Prime
Minister Hesham Qandil’s cabinet on August 2.
Mahmoud Mekki began his
career as a police officer, later qualifying as a lawyer and working as a
prosecutor, rising to vice president of Egypt’s Court of Cassation.
for leading calls for an independent judiciary, Mekki is seemingly unafraid to
speak his mind. In 2005, he faced a disciplinary court for complaining that the
presidential elections were marred with irregularities. He was charged with
insulting judges over that matter, but after a 2006 trial in which he received
support from the Muslim Brotherhood, Mekki was acquitted of all charges. Later
that year Mekki led demonstrations calling for Egypt’s judiciary to be