The instability rocking Syria has caused three critical security arenas –
Lebanon, Syria and Iran – to become more closely intertwined than ever
As has been widely reported, Hezbollah, acting on Iranian orders,
has mobilized a significant portion of its fighting force to Syria to help
secure a turnaround for the regime of President Bashar Assad.
by highly trained Hezbollah fighters and Iranian support, Assad’s army has of
late been making gains against the Sunni rebels – gains that could be seen most
recently on Sunday in the town of al-Qusayr, near the border with Lebanon, where
the Syrian regime began a new offensive.
Hezbollah will be seeking
“rewards” for its contributions to Assad’s survival in the form of advanced
Syrian and Iranian weapons. These include sophisticated air defense systems such
as the SA-17 surface- to-air missile – a convoy of which, according to foreign
sources, Israel bombed in Syria in January.
Also in Hezbollah’s sights
are missiles such as Iran’s guided Fateh-110, several of which were reportedly
destroyed in Damascus by Israel on two occasions in the past few
The strikes as reported were surgical, and thanks to Israeli deterrence, have not resulted in retaliation.
But the situation remains fluid, and what has held true until now may not
necessarily hold up in the case of future strikes on weapons
Iran is seeking to exploit the Syrian chaos to continue to arm
Hezbollah, because it knows that in any future potential clash with Jerusalem
over Tehran’s military nuclear program, Hezbollah will be called in and ordered
to turn its enormous rocket arsenal against targets deep in
Hence, Jerusalem has now drawn red lines over the proliferation
of strategic arms to Hezbollah in order to protect its home front in a possible
Syria, Iran or Hezbollah could, at any time, decide to test
these red lines again, even though a gamble of that kind would endanger Assad’s
recent gains against the rebels.
All of these factors have made the
region a tinderbox, a situation in which one spark has the potential to trigger
a multi-arena escalation.
Such a deterioration is by no means inevitable
– or even likely – due to the Israeli deterrence that remains in effect against
all parties concerned.
But it cannot be ruled out either.
evaluations above have not even touched upon the deeply sensitive issue of
Syria’s chemical weapons arsenal.
For many months now, the IDF has been
preparing itself for this type of multiple-front scenario to ensure that it is
ready for the unexpected.
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