Israel has no legal obligation to allow a group of African migrants waiting on
the western side of the Egypt-Israel border fence to enter the country, the
government said on Wednesday.
In a statement sent to The Jerusalem Post
on Wednesday, a government spokesman said that “according to international
practices and binding precedents, the fence is a de facto border, and therefore
anyone who is beyond it is not located in Israeli territory and is therefore not
eligible for automatic entry.”
“There has been no determination by any
international body according to which Sudanese or Eritrean citizens are
persecuted in Egypt or that their lives are in danger. Therefore, there
is no legal obligation to allow entry into Israel of those who are near the
fence,” the spokesman continued.
The statement was sent as a group of 20
African migrants spent their sixth day crouched against the Egypt-Israel border
fence, unable to enter Israel and not willing to remain in Egypt, where they
could face abuse by Beduin smugglers, or be returned to their home countries by
Egyptian authorities, where they would likely face persecution since they are
assumed to be from Eritrea.
On Wednesday, a group of activists said that
when they arrived around midnight Tuesday at the stretch of the fence near
Kadesh Barnea, they were sent away by IDF troops who showed them a warrant
issued the night before ruling the area a closed military zone.
addition, they said that they spoke to a battalion commander at the scene who
told them that the army is not providing food for the migrants.
Wednesday morning the organization sent another carload of volunteers to the
fence with food and water to pass on to the migrants.
Eli Yishai on Wednesday said, “I am not indifferent to the suffering of the
infiltrators next to the border, but it is my responsibility to first worry
about [Israel] and its citizens.”
He vowed that Israel “will continue its
police of defending its identity, even at the expense of criticism from within
Israel and around the world. This is not out of a desire to do the infiltrators
wrong, it is out of a desire to take care of the country and our
Yishai’s statement goes on to quote the Prime Minister’s
Office, saying the office had said that on Wednesday, the Attorney-General’s
Office ruled that the state is not legally required to allow the migrants to
A spokesman for the Justice Department said that no such
statement was made by Attorney- General Yehuda Weinstein on Wednesday, and they
do not know what Yishai’s office based this upon.
The interior minister’s
comments came a week after he said that he would start working to jail and
deport Sudanese migrants beginning in mid-October, adding that he would also try
to find ways to deport Eritrean migrants, who make up the vast majority of the
more than 60,000 African migrants in Israel.
Both Eritreans and Sudanese
would be in danger of persecution if returned to their home countries by
Meretz party head Zehava Gal-On called on Defense Minister Ehud
Barak to allow the entry of the Eritrean migrants, so they can have their asylum
Gal-On quotes reports that the group includes a
14-yearold girl and two women, one of whom was in the latter months of her
pregnancy when she reportedly had a miscarriage on Tuesday.
“The State of
Israel has a moral responsibility to carry out the steps to examine if these are
asylum workers who would face danger to their lives if they are not allowed to
enter Israel and are sent back to where they came from,” she said.
group of around 20 migrants are at the moment sitting on the desert floor in a
sort of limbo, within Israeli territory but on the wrong side of the border
fence, and deadset on not being returned to Egyptian authorities.
Spokesman’s Office said in response, “According to directions by the political
echelon and the government, IDF forces are working to prevent illegal aliens
from entering Israel through its western border.
“One of the efforts
toward achieving this is the construction of a fence along the border. On the
western side of the fence, facing Egypt, there is a group of migrants and their
entry to Israel is prevented by said fence,” the office said.
humanitarian concerns the IDF is also giving the migrants food and
A similar incident took place in early August, when a group of
African migrants became stuck in a culvert under the Egyptian-Israel border and
were being guarded by IDF troops. The IDF Spokesman’s Office said at the time
that “in light of the foreigners’ condition, humanitarian concerns and the
unique aspects of the situation, the decision was taken to make an exception and
bring them onto the Israeli side of the fence.”
Also in August, a group
of Israeli NGOs released a report stating that IDF soldiers are patrolling
hundreds of meters within Egyptian territory in order to detain asylum- seekers
before they reach Israel and turn them over to Egyptian
According to official government figures, the nearly
complete border fence has significantly cut down on the amount of illegal
migrants crossing into Israel. The Population, Immigration and Borders Authority
announced this week that over the course of August only 200 illegal migrants
entered Israel, as opposed to 2,000 last August.