The number of single mothers in Israel increased 60 percent between 2000 and
2011, according to a Central Bureau of Statistics report released on
The report, published ahead of next week’s Family Day, showed
that in general, the number of households headed by single parents in Israel
grew from 89,000 in 2000 to 107,000 in 2011.
The highest percentage of
such households was recorded in Haifa, while the lowest was found in Petah
Single-parent families with children up to 17 years old made up
about 6% of all families in Israel in 2011.
According to CBS, the average
number of children in these families in 2011 was 1.8 children, compared to 2.5
in families with two parents – a number higher than the averages recorded in
other countries such as Italy, Germany and Denmark.
The report also
revealed that 92% of single-parent families with children below 17 are headed by
Sixty percent of the singleparent families are headed by a
divorced parent; 15% are headed by married parents who live separately; 13% are
headed by a parent who has never gotten married; and 12% are headed by widows or
Some 5,050 single Jewish women gave birth in 2011, compared to
2,600 a decade earlier, an increase from 2.8% to 4.2% of births in
The CBS figures also revealed that out of the 520,000 families in
Israel registered to social welfare services, a quarter are single- parent
In general, there were 1.83 million families in Israel in 2011,
compared to 1.5 million in 2000. Of the families, 1.47 million were Jewish and
310,000 were Arab.
In terms of family, the survey found that the average
number of people in Israeli families in 2011 was 3.7, with an average of 3.5 in
Jewish families and 4.8 in Arab families. The document stated that this
difference is due to both higher fertility rates among the Arab population as
well as aging among the Jewish population.
A third of Arab families are
composed of at least six individuals, a percentage three times greater than the
percentage of Jewish families of the same size.