An IDF soldier votes in Ashdod 370.
(photo credit: Reuters/Amir Cohen)
Tomorrow is polling day. We have a general idea of what the results will be, but
the details might still hold some surprises.
Where are the surprises to
be expected? We do not know what percentage of the electorate will go out to
vote, and whether the campaigns to get people out to the polling stations have
had any effect. We do not know how those who defined themselves as undecided in
opinion polls will vote, if at all. We do not know how the votes will divide
within each camp, and finally, we do not know how many votes will be lost to
lists that will not pass the qualifying threshold – according to forecasts,
their numbers are likely to be much greater than in past elections.
reasonable to assume that amongst the 30-40 percent of those who are planning to
stay at home tomorrow, a majority are potential Center-Left-Arab voters, since
they are the ones who feel that no matter how they vote, nothing will change.
Amongst the religious-Right voters, those who will stay away from the polling
stations will be those who believe that the victory of their camp is a
conclusive fact, and that therefore their vote is not important.
be interesting to see how the votes will divide between Likud Beytenu and Bayit
Yehudi, and whether Strong Israel will pass the qualifying
Furthermore, how will the votes divide between Labor, Yesh
Atid, The Tzipi Livni Party, and Kadima (if it passes the qualifying threshold)?
I BELIEVE there is a general consensus that the period from the moment that
elections were announced on October 16 and Election Day has been much too long,
and perhaps it is time to change the procedures regarding the holding of
elections to shorten the period between the announcement and polling day (in the
UK, for example, elections can be held within less than a month from their being
It is interesting to note that the two parties that have lost
most from the delay are the two parties expected to be the two largest
parliamentary groups in the 19th Knesset: the Likud-Beytenu and Labor. In the
earlier pre-election period, the polls showed the two getting together around 60
Knesset seats. The most recent polls show them getting a total of only
Likud Beytenu has lost seats primarily to Naftali
Labor has lost seats to Livni’s party on the one hand (to which
two of its former leaders defected), and to Meretz and Hadash on the other – the
latter two gaining from Shelly Yacimovich’s insistence on repeatedly stating
that Labor is not a left-wing party.
I believe that another conclusion
from this excessively long election campaign is that the day of election
advisers from the US is over (or at least ought to be over). Both Arthur
Finkelstein in the case of the Likud and Stanley Greenberg in the case of Labor
didn’t really deliver the goods, though possibly their Israeli teams are also to
It has been suggested that Finkelstein erred in proposing
Netanyahu’s anti-Bennett campaign. In the case of Labor, it has been suggested
that the notion that right-wing voters can be enticed to vote for Yacimovich if
she keeps mum on the political settlement issue, and refrains from any sort of
attack on settlers, was also mistaken.
According to various analyses of
the opinion polls, it appears that in general, the only significant “leakage” of
votes from one bloc to the other can occur between Bayit Yehudi and Yesh Atid,
and this is due to the fact that there is apparently a fairly large bloc of
young voters who are impressed by the newness and charisma of their leaders,
Naftali Bennett and Yair Lapid, and are less interested in the identity of the
other candidates on their lists or their positions on various
WITHIN THE framework of the possible rather than the desirable, I
personally would be very happy if the number of Likud candidates and Labor
candidates who get into the Knesset will be as close as possible.
well aware of the fact that Kadima’s 28 seats in the 18th Knesset compared to
Likud’s 27 didn’t make any difference in the final reckoning, but here I blame
the leadership of Livni, who was a weak and ineffective leader of the
opposition, and even though there were many impressive Kadima MKs, they were
impressive as individuals – not as a team.
Nevertheless, there can be a
psychological importance to such a result, and the fact that Prime Minister
Binyamin Netanyahu placed so much importance on a joint list with Avigdor
Liberman because of numbers is proof of this. Since there is good reason to
believe that the partnership between the Likud and Yisrael Beytenu will break up
soon after the elections, maximizing the size of the Labor parliamentary group
seems psychologically important. I say this despite the fact that Labor is more
likely than not to remain in the opposition, where together with Meretz and
Hadash, it might act as a biting and effective opposition.
though the recent polls show only two of the lists on the borderline of passing
the qualifying threshold actually getting at least two percent of the vote – the
shrunken Kadima and Strong Israel – if I were asked which of the other
borderline lists could contribute effectively to the 19th Knesset, I would
mention Haim Amsalem’s Am Shalem, which is not afraid to declare Shas to be
naked, and Da’am – a joint Arab-Jewish socialist party that is refreshing in its
straightforward approach to Jewish-Arab equality, and whose (woman) leader –
Asma Agbarieh-Zahalka – is a fascinating contrast to Balad’s Haneen
I also believe that the Knesset could benefit from Eretz Hadasha
(A New Country), headed by Eldad Yaniv and Rani Blair, as a sharp-witted and
caustic court jester, which is not bound by political convention and political
So good luck to us all tomorrow! The writer is a former