It is time to finally put to bed a malicious libel against Jews and Judaism that is getting increasing attention in modern media, namely, that Judaism will not allow for the breaking of the Sabbath to save a non-Jewish life. Given that Judaism is the religion that introduced the idea that all humans are created equally in God's image, and the rabbinical sages wrote 2,000 years ago that "even a gentile who studies God's law is equal to the High Priest," and "the righteous of all nations have a share in the World to Come," (Tosefta Sanhedrin 13) it would seem incredible that anyone would believe such nonsense. Yet, the latest to repeat this libel is the gifted writer Christopher Hitchens who wrote of Baruch Goldstein, in his book, God Is Not Great
: "While serving as a physician in the Israeli army he had announced that he would not treat non-Jewish patients, such as Israeli Arabs, especially on the Sabbath. As it happens, he was obeying rabbinic law in declining to do this, as many Israeli religious courts have confirmedâ€¦" (pg. 208)
In our second debate on religion, held last week, I asked Hitchens to identify even one Jewish court that would uphold such blasphemy. As his source he cited not a court but his dear friend, the late Israeli writer Israel Shahak. Research on the incident reveals the following. In 1965, Shahak sent a letter to Haaretz
saying he had witnessed an Orthodox man refusing to allow his telephone to be used to call an ambulance for a non-Jew because it would violate Shabbat. In the same letter Shahak also alleged that a rabbinical court in Jerusalem confirmed that the man acted according to the dictates of Jewish law. From the beginning the story was curious. What prohibition could there possibly be in allowing someone else to use one's phone on the Sabbath? Then, in 1966 the story was investigated by Immanuel Jakobovits, one of the worlds' leading medical ethicists who would later become the highly respected chief rabbi of the United Kingdom and a member of the House of Lords, and found to be a hoax.
Writing in the journal Tradition
under the title, "A Modern Blood Libel," Jakobovits noted, "Dr. Shahak, challenged to substantiate his personal 'testimony' was eventually forced to admit that the Orthodox Jew he had 'witnessed' refusing the use of his telephone simply did not exist. The whole incident had been fabricated in true Protocols
style. Equally overlooked was the circumstance that the Rabbinate, far from having confirmed Dr. Shahak's allegation, had in fact ruled that the Sabbath must be violated to save non-Jewish no less than Jewish lives."
In further of refutation of Shahak's libel, Jakobovits cited lengthy responsum by Isser Yehuda Unterman, the late chief rabbi of Israel, who stated unequivocally that "the Sabbath must be violated to save non-Jewish life no less than Jewish lives."
BUT SUCH libels about Jews were, sadly, par for the course for Shahak who also alleged that Jewish children are taught "whenever passing near a cemetery, to utter a blessing if the cemetery is Jewish, but to curse the mothers of the dead if it is non-Jewish," (Jewish History, Jewish Religion
, pg. 23-24) and even accused Jews of worshiping Satan: "both before and after a meal, a pious Jew ritually washes his hands, uttering a special blessing. On one of these two occasions he is worshiping God ... but on the other he is worshiping Satan ..." (page 34)."
The Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA) calls Shahak "one of the world's leading anti-Semites," and Shahak's work is regularly referenced by neo-Nazis and Holocaust deniers, his articles appearing prominently on Web sites like Jew Watch.
Eli Beer, of Hatzolah Jerusalem, who oversees 1,100 medical volunteers, approximately 60 percent of whom are Orthodox, told me, "If someone would say we won't save a non-Jewish life on Shabbat, he is a liar. Regardless if the person in need is Jewish, Christian, or Muslim we save everyone's life on any day of the year, including Shabbat and Yom Kippur, and I have done so myself. Indeed, as an Orthodox Jew it is my greatest honor to save the life of a non-Jew, and I would violate any of the Jewish holy days to do so."
IT WOULD behoove a scholar like Hitchens to remove this slander of Jewish courts teaching Jews that it is forbidden to save non-Jewish life on the Sabbath from the future editions of his book, along with other gratuitous attacks on Jews and Judaism that are misleading and inaccurate.
Principal among them is his unfortunate statement that Jews are not "blameless" for anti-Semitism (pg. 250), and his characterization of the festival of Hanukka as "an absolutely tragic day in human history" without which "the Jewish people might have been the carriers of philosophy instead of arid monotheism."
He also accuses Jews of plagiarizing "shamelessly" from Christianity to have a holiday that "coincides with Christmas," even though Hanukka precedes the birth of Jesus by 250 years.
Hitchens sees the heroic ancient Jewish revolt against the Assyrian Greeks as that of a primitive nation fighting against superior Greek enlightenment in order to sustain their superstitious ways. But such criticism is beneath so courageous a pundit as Mr. Hitchens who consistently supported the invasion of Iraq against liberal colleagues because of his noble objection to Saddam's brutality and tyranny. Far from being enlightened, the Greek leader, Antiochus IV, was the Saddam Hussein of his time, with his own people calling him Epimanes ("The Mad One"), a word play off of his title Epiphanies ("The Illustrious").
The Book of Maccabees
relates how Antiochus "put many of [Jerusalem's] inhabitants to death most cruelly" and, after slaughtering a pig in the Temple and insisting that the Jews eat its meat, the tyrant took those who refused and "cut their tongues out, scalped them, cut off their hands and feet, and burnt them on the altar of the Lord."
Surely our Arab brothers and sisters deserved better than to be forced to live under a vicious murderer like Saddam Hussein. And surely the ancient Jews should be applauded rather than condemned for having stood up to the same.
The writer is the host of the The Rabbi Shmuley Show airing daily on XM Satellite Radio. His new book is The Broken American Male and How to Fix Him. www.shmuley.com
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