Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu began the process of building a new governing coalition on Wednesday with his Likud Beytenu ally Avigdor Liberman and the big winner in Tuesday’s election, Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid.
Netanyahu agreed with Lapid and Liberman that the next government would focus on reducing housing costs, reforming the electoral system, and equalizing the burden of service. But they did not agree on which parties should be in the coalition and who should receive the top portfolios.
The prime minister would prefer to give the Foreign Ministry position to Lapid, who speaks perfect British-accented English and whose moderate image could improve Israel’s ties with the United States and Europe. But Liberman said he wanted to return to his former job once he is clear of his legal troubles and suggested that Lapid be finance minister.
“I think that Lapid, who speaks about the middle class and the socioeconomic protests, should naturally focus on domestic issues and take the Finance portfolio,” Liberman said in a press conference at Yisrael Beytenu’s Jerusalem headquarters.
Vice Premier Moshe Ya’alon, who is a former IDF chief of General Staff, is expected to be given the Defense portfolio.
Any hope Netanyahu might have had of re-appointing Defense Minister Ehud Barak, who did not run for the 19th Knesset, as a professional appointment ended when the Likud fared poorly in the election and decreased the number of portfolios that will be available to the party.
At a press briefing outside his Tel Aviv home, Lapid ended speculation that he might join efforts to block Netanyahu from forming a government. Yesh Atid is expected to recommend to President Shimon Peres that he entrust Netanyahu with forming the next coalition.
“We won’t build a obstructionist bloc with [Balad MK] Haneen Zoabi,” Lapid said. “The results of the elections are clear. We have to work with those results.”
The final results of the race are expected to be known on Thursday following the counting of the votes of IDF soldiers, diplomats, prisoners and polling station officials.
With more than 99 percent of the votes counted, it appeared that Likud won 31 Knesset seats, Yesh Atid 19, Labor 15, Bayit Yehudi and Shas 11 each, United Torah Judaism seven, Meretz and The Tzipi Livni Party six each, the three Arab parties a total of 12, and Kadima two. That would give the Right and Left blocs each 60 seats in the next Knesset.
But a source in
the Central Elections Committee said Kadima might still not pass the 2%
electoral threshold and that at least one seat would end up shifting from Arab
parties to Bayit Yehudi, which will rise to 12 mandates.
The least likely
coalition to be formed is a bloc of only the 61 MKs from right-wing parties. A
national unity government with Labor is also seen as extremely unlikely, even
though several Labor MKs expressed interest in joining the coalition.
only parties certain to be part of the coalition are Likud Beytenu, Yesh Atid
and Bayit Yehudi, which will have a combined 62 seats once the additional MK is
given to Bayit Yehudi. If Kadima passes the threshold, its two seats would also
Lapid wants The Tzipi Livni Party to be added to the
coalition, for a total of 70 MKs, but Netanyahu prefers that Shas and United
Torah Judaism be added instead. He tried to persuade Lapid that both Yesh Atid
and Shas needed to be in the government to work out compromises on IDF
While since the election, Netanyahu has spoken to Lapid and
the leaders of Shas and UTJ. He appeared to make a point of not calling Bayit
Yehudi chairman Naftali Bennett.
The Jerusalem Post reported last
Wednesday that Netanyahu would only invite Bayit Yehudi to join the coalition
once a majority of 61 MKs was in place, so he would not have to worry about the
party remaining in the coalition following diplomatic concessions, such as the
removal of unauthorized West Bank outposts.
In an effort to reach out to
Lapid, who is set to be the kingmaker of the coalition, Bayit Yehudi MK Uri
Ariel said he had no problem joining a government in which Livni negotiated with
the Palestinians, and Bennett told his faction that he was in favor of
reconsidering the status quo on religion and state. Such a move would prevent
haredi parties from joining the coalition.
Yesh Atid’s second-placed
candidate, Rabbi Shai Piron, had tough words for Shas, and promised that his
party would not agree to sit in government with the haredi faction if it meant
compromising on its core principles.
“We won’t be part of a government of
which Shas is the defining identity, in which Shas has a large influence on its
character, on its tone, on the discourse, and on its priorities,” Piron said on
“If Shas repents for its former behavior and understands that
the type of extortion it has employed in the past is over, and that equality in
the burden of national service will be a fact of life, then we can sit with
them,” he continued. “But Yesh Atid will categorically not be part of a
government in which Shas behaves as it has in the past. The Israeli public has
said no to its campaign of hatred and racism, is fed up with sectoral politics
and doesn’t want this kind of discourse. It wants to talk about Israeli society
as a whole.”
Shas triumvirate leader Eli Yishai expressed optimism,
however, that his party would help form the new government. He pointed to the
thin majority a Likud Beytenu-Yesh Atid- Bayit Yehudi coalition would command
without Shas, saying that such a government would not last long.
be done with the campaigning and spin, and form a stable government,” Yishai
said. “For sure it will be complicated, but we need to all sit down together,
without exception, and discuss what’s good for the Jewish people and for the
State of Israel.”
On Tuesday night, Yishai said that if Lapid “wants to
be realistic, he needs to work together with us, otherwise there’ll be no
One of the major stumbling blocks to including both Yesh Atid
and Shas in the new government will be the demand of Lapid’s party to implement
its proposal for drafting haredi men into national service.
plan calls for all 18- year-old men to enlist in some form of national service,
after a five-year interim period that will be used to prepare the army for an
influx of ultra-Orthodox recruits. Shas is unlikely to agree to such a proposal,
although the party leadership did exhibit greater than expected flexibility for
increasing the haredi draft during negotiations on the issue during the
Knesset’s summer session.
Arye Deri, another member of the Shas
leadership troika, said on Israel Radio, however, that a compromise could be
reached on this issue.
“I spoke with the prime minister last night and
we’ll be meeting in the coming days. Regarding haredi enlistment, nothing can be
done through coercion. With goodwill a compromise can be reached and the burden
[national service] can be more evenly spread, and I’m even in favor of this,”