As two years have passed since the global Helsinki Declaration amendment protecting animals used in medical experimentation was not turned into an updated Israeli law, Health Ministry director-general Dr. Ronni Gamzu decided to introduce changes through a circular.
The previous rules going back to 1975 required all human medical experimentation to be preceded by experiments on animals.
In 2000, the Helsinki Declaration added that animal experimentation may be carried out only "as appropriate," meaning that only the minimum amount of animals be included to reach conclusions regarding medications or procedures for human experimentation.
In 2008, it was further updated to say that consideration must be taken
to protect the animals’ welfare; meaning -- among other things -- that
they should not suffer unnecessarily.
As nothing was done to make the 2008 amendment law in Israel, Gamzu said
he would add it as a "addition" to the previous law and released the
stipulations to all relevant parties.
Now, in every case of animal experimentation, only the number of animals
needed to test efficacy and safety could be used, and the animals’
welfare must be protected.
Gamzu continued that in each case, if simulations can effectively be
used instead of animal testing, animals should not be experimented on.