In the semi-arid Eastern Province of Sri Lanka, Sinhalese, Tamil and Muslim
populations, who have been rivals throughout their history, struggle over their
shared but meager water resources, an issue that one man hopes to help mitigate
in part by learning from initiatives taken here in Israel.
can be an entry point to have a dialogue on shared resources to promote
coexistence,” Dr.Vinya Shanthidas Ariyaratne told The Jerusalem Post during an
interview in Jerusalem last week.
Ariyantne is the executive director of
Sarvodaya, the largest NGO in Sri Lanka, which has taken part in relief and
development efforts in 15,000 villages across the country for the past 50 years.
After earning a master’s degree in community medicine, a master’s degree in
public health and two medical degrees, Ariyaratne has been able to help steer
the organization founded and still headed by his father.
establishment, Sarvodaya has developed numerous community health programs and
worked closely with governmental officials to integrate these programs into the
public, according to the group. In the early 1990s, at the peak of the country’s
separatist war, Sarvodaya initiated a program to help children cope with the
psycho-social aftermath, and after the 2004 tsunami disaster, the organization
was responsible for coordinating the brunt of Sri Lanka’s emergency
“The background that I come from is working on development and
peace-building,” Ariyaratne said.
Coming to Israel as a guest of the
British-based Tag International Development organization and the local
multinational group Friends of the Earth Middle East, Ariyaratne aimed to
explore the ways Israel was handling its own struggles with preserving natural
resources, as well as the ongoing cross-border efforts that are necessary to
“Our goal is to partner, to collaborate [and] to
forge partnerships with other NGOs in developing countries using Israeli
expertise,” said Dr. Amos Avgar, chief operating officer of Tag.
Sri Lanka does not have many historical ties to Israel, Ariyaratne himself
actually does, as his father elected to spend time on a kibbutz during the
1960s, learning about how self-sufficient, localized governance systems
“That’s how it started,” he said, noting that the Joint
Distribution Committee ended up being one of the largest donors to Sarvodaya’s
tsunami relief efforts.
From the JDC, where Avgar worked previously,
Sarvodaya then developed its relationship with Tag.
Like the Jordan
Valley area, in which Israelis, Palestinians and Jordanians all compete for –
and pollute – a very water-scarce area, the dry zone in Sri Lanka’s eastern
Ampara district contains three communities that “have localized tension and
competition,” Ariyaratne said. To that effect, exporting a program like Friends
of the Earth’s cross-border Good Water Neighbors project could be ideal for the
local populations, he explained.
There are certain key differences in
terms of water availability between Sri Lanka and Israel, as overall, Sri Lanka
has a large amount of precipitation during its rainy season, and even its dry
zones are not quite as dry as those here. Nonetheless, changing weather patterns
have brought about more extreme droughts, and localized conflicts exist between
communities in the water-scarce eastern region, Ariyaratne explained.
communities located upstream, for example, and use more of the water, leaving a
heavily reduced and much more polluted resource for those located downstream, he
Lacking environmental awareness, people have polluted the marine
ecosystems with residual ammunition from past wars, animal carcasses and
chemical contamination from pesticides, which have led to kidney disease
outbreaks, according to Ariyaratne.
While the level of microbial fecal
material is nothing compared to India’s Ganges River, “there are outbreaks of
cholera sometimes or of other types of intestinal infections and hepatitis,” he
In addition to various types of groundwater contamination, the
on-land ecosystem has also been facing challenges, as the general increase in
population has destroyed natural forests, causing conflicts between humans and
snakes and elephants that now have nowhere to turn, Ariyaratne
With the help of TAG, Sarvodaya commissioned local academics
from Sri Lanka’s Eastern University to conduct a study about which natural
resources the populations are competing for, particularly focusing on management
issues, according to Ariyaratne.
The goal is to create an educational
program detailing how the communities can work together and fix the problem,
which will be fleshed out after the baseline study concludes, he
“This visit gave me the opportunity to actually see for myself what
is happening on the ground here,” Ariyaratne said.
Friends of the Earth,
for example, brought him to their education center in the West Bank village of
Auja, where he saw the integral role that children were playing in increasing
“You do it very well here,” Ariyaratne said.
“Here I think people really feel that water is so important.”
was struck by how quickly the Jordan River is drying up and the Dead Sea water
levels are depleting but said he was impressed at the way Friends of the Earth
was bringing together mayors and people from all three governmental bodies
together to fight these issues despite the ongoing political conflict. Friends
of the Earth Israel director Gidon Bromberg also visited with Ariyaratne in Sri
Lanka about two months ago in order to offer his expertise to the situation
there, Ariyarante explained.
“I think that both Friends of the Earth and
Sarvodaya believe in educating the people and getting people to take action at
the first level,” he said, noting that only then will politicians join the
effort. “I think if you can have success stories on the ground, then we can
In addition to meeting with Friends of the Earth
representatives, Ariyaratne also visited officials from the Foreign Ministry’s
Mashav program, which has been funding a program bringing Sri Lankan
agriculturalists to come learn in Israel, as well as the company Netafim, which
is sponsoring the demonstration phase of a new agricultural program in Sri
Lanka. In the Eastern Province city of Batticaloa, made up of mostly Muslim and
Tamil communities, the main occupations are agriculture and fishingrelated, but
agriculture – particularly rice cultivation – is currently limited to one season
due to limited rains, Ariyaratne explained. By adopting Israeli techniques for
growing crops in dry areas during the demonstration phase, Ariyaratne said that
the Sri Lankan farmers hope to expand their cultivation into two
Meanwhile, he plans to initiate a program for teaching these
innovative agricultural techniques to young people who were taken in as soldiers
for rebel groups in the past but now are too old for the traditional schooling
system. Already, such youth are partaking in similar programs involving masonry,
carpentry, computer and cellphone repair and cosmetology.
Sarvodaya’s Israeli partnerships is with the Israel Nature and Parks Authority,
which has sent rangers to visit the south Asian country to help develop a “cyber
ranger” program for identifying animals. Today, Sri Lankan park rangers garner
little respect, something that Ariyaratne hopes to improve by empowering them
with technology. Most urgently, the cyber program would give the rangers the
possibility to track and perform data analysis on snake bite locations, which
have become quite rampant in Sri Lanka’s nature reserves, he
While Ariyaratne said he does not believe that uniting groups
over environmental issues would bring an end to their political differences,
this can be an effective strategy to get people to begin talking.
think it’s a good entry point but as we all know ultimately we have to have
If we can use the environment to convince
politicians, then there is a lot of potential in that,” he said.