A private member’s bill that would subsidize gluten-free bread – which is
required by the tens of thousands of Israelis suffering from celiac disease –
was approved Monday by the Knesset Labor, Welfare and Health Committee for its
first reading in the plenum. The bill was initiated by Kadima MK Meir
According to the proposal, the cost of gluten-free bread will
be kept at a level that is never higher than that of standard bread. In
addition, those who suffer from celiac disease will be reimbursed for up to NIS
500 per month per family for purchasing special food, and the income tax rates
of companies that sell gluten-free food products will not go above 25
Gluten-free grains include corn, millet, teff, rice, wild rice
and quinoa; oats are also considered safe for celiac patients’
The bill was approved by the committee despite strong
opposition from representatives of the Finance and Justice Ministries, who
argued that the cost of implementation could add up to “hundreds of millions of
shekels” a year.
Tali Stein, a Justice Ministry representative, said it
was “wrong to pass a law that is specific to one disease, and thus
discriminatory,” even though there previous laws have passed that prove
compensation to victims of other diseases, such as disorders resulting from
radiation for ringworm.
Celiac disease, also known as gluten intolerance,
is a genetic disorder that affects about 1% of the population or more. Its
symptoms, including diarrhea and weight loss or isolated nutrient deficiencies
without gastrointestinal problems, can appear at any age. It is caused by a
reaction to gliadin, a gluten protein found in wheat, barley, rye and other
grains. The immune system’s reaction causes an inflammatory reaction that
interferes with the absorption of nutrients.
The only known effective
treatment is a lifelong gluten-free diet, as no medication exists to combat the
Subsidies of gluten-free bread and other foods exist in other
countries including the UK and the US.
Committee chairman MK Haim Katz
said at the session that previous efforts to prepare the bill failed because of
government opposition. “It may be that Kadima’s joining the coalition helped us.
Even if the bill is not exactly what we wanted, we must try to make a crack in
the wall. Despite the government’s opposition, we will work hard for approval of
the bill in the plenum,” said the Likud MK.
Sheetrit said tens of
thousands of celiac patients have been “treated unfairly for years, as even a
super-capitalistic country like the US has tax benefits for celiac patients, and
gluten-free food companies receive billions of dollars in tax benefits. What
about our patients?” Kadima MK Rachel Adatto, a physician by profession, said
the ministries’ opposition was “absurd.”
Committee members approved the
proposed bill unanimously, and it will be sent to the plenum for consideration.