|Photo by: Marc Israel Sellem|
Tal Law expires, leaving behind legal limbo
By JEREMY SHARON
No haredim slated to be drafted as defense minister orders IDF to create a plan within 30 days on enlistment.
The “Tal Law’ officially expired at midnight on Tuesday and now 54,000 yeshiva
students who have legally deferred national service for religious studies are
obligated to perform military service.
The law, enacted in 2002, provided
a legal framework for full-time yeshiva students, mainly from the haredi
community, to indefinitely defer military service.
Since no new
legislation has been passed by the Knesset to replace the Tal Law – which was
struck down by the High Court of Justice in February as unconstitutional – the
1949 Military Service Law (amended in 1986) mandating compulsory military
service for all citizens reaching the age of 18 is now operative.
consequence, Defense Minister Ehud Barak now has the legal responsibility to
draft anyone fitting IDF criteria into the army.
This legal state of
affairs will continue until the Knesset passes new legislation to address the
issue. The Knesset is currently on its summer recess and will only reconvene on
However, the logistical challenges of preparing the army for
the mass enlistment of haredi men, as well as the cumbersome nature of any legal
proceedings, may provide the government with sufficient time to formulate new
legislation before it would be legally required to physically draft thousands of
In light of the new legal status of those who were
indefinitely deferring military service until now, Barak’s office issued a
statement on Tuesday saying that the minister has instructed the IDF to draw up
within a month a “practical proposal” for the implementation of the 1949 law for haredi
This temporary order will be employed by the Defense Ministry
until the Knesset approves new legislation to replace the Tal
According to Barak’s statement, the IDF proposal “will reflect and
take into consideration the ruling of the High Court of Justice, the
requirements and values of the IDF, the principle of sharing the burden of
national service more equally and the suitability of individuals for service, as
is commonly accepted.”
Although the defense minister is authorized to
call up anyone of military age who is fit for service, he also has the authority
to grant exemptions. Despite this, the High Court of Justice ruled in 1998 that
blanket exemptions on a sectarian basis are illegal since they infringe the
principle of equality. Barak will therefore be unable to address the legal
vacuum and practical obstacles of drafting thousands of haredi men in this
Despite this legal obligation, and as acknowledged by draft reform
campaigners, the practical obstacles involved in drafting thousands of haredi
men into the army will preclude their immediate enlistment in the coming weeks
In his comments, Barak said that in order to achieve the
desired goals of draft equality, the number and capacity of army tracks for
haredi men must be significantly increased and should include technological
positions and service in combat units, the Home Front Command, the police and
the Prisons Service.
He added that the law would be enforced and people
who dodge the draft would be sanctioned.
Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Benny
Gantz also weighed in on the expiration of the Tal Law and said that the
military was preparing to draft haredi youth.
“We will make plans as
needed,” he said during a tour of the Tel Hashomer Military Induction Center on
Ahead of the expiration of the Tal Law, the “Camp Sucker”
campaigners for IDF draft reform sent a letter to Barak on Tuesday through the
offices of Arad-Ayalon Nachmani Advocates law firm.
The letter stated
that “it is incumbent upon the defense minister to fully implement the principle
of equality with regards to the military draft and the burden of [national]
service.” It further said that Barak’s responsibility for equality in the draft
“is a personal responsibility and not ministerial,” is not dependent on
decisions of the government and that the military draft is “entirely within the
purview of the minister.”
According to attorney Dror Arad- Ayalon, if the
campaign movement does not feel that serious steps are taken in the coming
weeks, they will file a petition with the High Court of Justice against the
defense minister himself, to compel Barak to begin the process of drafting
haredi men of military age.
It seems that Barak’s statements on Tuesday
were designed, in part, to preempt any immediate legal action.
Military Advocate-General’s Office said that while the petitions would likely be
filed, no haredi youth are slated to be drafted on August 1, and regardless, it
would take time to carry out the entire enlistment process, which usually begins
at least a year prior to a soldier’s scheduled induction.
In response to
Barak’s statement on Tuesday, Arad-Ayalon said that although the sentiment was
correct, at the moment it “ merely constitutes words” and needs to be followed
through with action.
According to attorney Gilad Barnea, who has filed a
petition to the High Court on behalf of the Hiddush religious-freedom lobbying
group, if no serious efforts are made to implement the 1949 Military Service
Law, the defense minister could technically be held in contempt of court and
He said, however, that such a situation was
unlikely to transpire.
Hiddush’s petition to the High Court demands that
the monthly funds transferred to yeshivot on behalf of its students by the
government under the Tal Law framework must cease immediately on August
According to Hiddush, NIS 30 million is transferred every month to
haredi yeshivot, totalling more than NIS 400 million per year.
Katz contributed to this report.