Israel is among the global leaders in many areas of space exploration, such as
the possession of an extensive satellite system for research
Science and Technology Minister Daniel Hershkowitz briefed
other ministers at Sunday’s cabinet meeting on the nation’s activity in space
and satellites, stressing the areas in which the country is a leader as well as
its cooperative activities in the fields with other nations.
to being among the top five leaders in developing a satellite research system,
Israel is among the most successful in growth of sales for the space industry,
improvement and broadening of space knowledge and infrastructure, and
strengthening the link between its space research and society in general,
Israel has launched 13 satellites that have
collectively accumulated 66 orbiting years and achieved 100 percent orbit
mission successes, the minister explained.
Among the country’s current
principle satellite projects is EROS-B, from which Hershkowitz displayed
detailed pictures of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem and the Tabaqa Dam in
Another project is the Venus super-spectral satellite, a
French-Israeli partnership that allows for agricultural monitoring by sensing
from space, using a unique spectral and spatial resolution system. Similarly, a
hyper-spectral Italian-Israeli satellite called Shalom focuses on agricultural
and environmental monitoring, as well as searching for minerals and monitoring
bodies of water.
A structure called Samson is the world’s first-ever
autonomous structure of three nano-satellites – weighing less than 10 kilograms
– featuring a low orbit of about only 600 kilometers, Hershkowitz said. The main
goal of Samson is to pinpoint signs on the ground, such as locating and
performing rescues in remote areas or disaster zones. Yet another satellite, the
MuSAR partnership with NASA in the United States, integrates with the TecSAR
Discovery mission and constitutes Israel’s first participation in an
Outside of its extensive satellite projects,
Israel is also promoting the SPACEIL program, whose mission is to deliver the
first Israeli spaceship to the moon by 2014 and win the Google Lunar X Prize
competition for privately funded teams to get robots to the moon’s surface. To
do so, the robots must travel at least 500 meters on the moon’s surface, sending
video, images and data back to Earth. In addition to getting to the moon,
Hershkowitz said that the project leaders hope to inspire and attract the next
generation of engineers and scientists, promote research and enhance Israel’s
image in the world as a science and technology leader.
A final bullet on
Israel’s space and satellite agenda will be holding the 2015 International
Astronautic Conference in Jerusalem, Hershkowitz said.