One of the working papers for the recent Jewish People Policy international
conference, entitled “Jewish Identity and Identification: New Patterns,
Meanings, and Networks,” posed the question of whether the Jewish community’s
altered material and political circumstances “entail a long-term shift from
identification with the have-nots to identification with the haves.” (A full
session of the two-day Jewish identity track focused on whether political
liberalism still serves as a source of Jewish identification.) The authors of
this particular paper happen to be very bright people; one is an internationally
recognized legal theorist. But their implicit characterization of the divide
between political liberalism and conservatism as one between good people who
care about those less fortunate than themselves and bad people who don’t strikes
me as highly tendentious.
Why not characterize the liberalconservative
divide – admittedly no less tendentiously – as a debate over whether poor people
are better served by government handouts that foster a culture of dependence
(liberal) or by paying jobs that provide the skills and work ethic to escape
poverty (conservative)? Or as a debate over whether it is more virtuous to give
other people’s money through income redistribution to the havenots (liberal) or
to give one’s own money through private charity (conservative)? The tendency of
many contemporary liberals to view politics in terms of a Manichean struggle
between good people and bad people begets many pernicious consequences. Too
frequently, the goal of liberal politics becomes affirmation of one’s essential
goodness; it is a form of self-soothing. (Because conservatives emphasize the
private realm over the public, they are less likely – though hardly immune – to
equate politics with morality.) The late firebrand Oriana Fallaci coined the
term “Goodists” for those who employ politics as a means of self-congratulation.
“Goodists,” writes Bret Stephens of The Wall Street Journal, “put a higher
premium on their moral intentions than the efficacy of their actions... Above
all, the Goodists are people who like to be seen to be good.”
goes a long way to explaining contemporary liberal attitudes to Israel,
especially among those who booed the mention of Jerusalem at the Democratic
Once the Palestinians are identified as the “have-nots” and
the Israelis as the “haves,” the case is closed as far as Goodists are
Nothing else matters.
The Jewish people’s historical
connection to the land, the condition of Israel prior to the Second Aliya, the
history of the conflict and the consistent Arab refusal to accept a sovereign
state ruled by Jews in any boundaries are all beside the point. For, again, what
is at stake is not finding a practical settlement between Israel and the
Palestinians. It is the use of the Palestinians to enable those who advocate on
their behalf a means to establish their goodness at no cost or risk to
THE PERNICIOUS consequences of politics as a morality play, a
struggle between good and bad people, are many. For one thing, it makes the
search for pragmatic, non-partisan solutions to problems almost impossible. As
an example, everyone acknowledges that the United States’ social security
system, predicated on actuarial assumptions of the 1930s when few workers lived
much past 65, is no longer viable. In 1960, there were five workers for every
beneficiary; today, the ratio is two-to-one.
Paul Ryan proposed one plan
for revamping social security on a fiscally sustainable basis.
various experts would have much to argue against aspects of the plan. But once
it becomes political, the plan can no longer serve as a starting point for
discussion and further tinkering. Rather, the author must be portrayed as
pushing grandma off the cliff in a wheelchair. And so it will be with every such
proposal, leaving the present, unsustainable system in place.
the extent to which political opinions are perceived as a choice between good
and evil, the less finicky the forces of “good” will be about means – including
the suppression of “bad” opposing opinions. A recent study of 800 social and
personality psychologists by Yoel Inbar and Joris Lanners of Tilburg University
showed that psychologists holding conservative views are prudent to hide those
views. The willingness to discriminate in hiring or publication of papers
correlated directly to liberal views – the more liberal, the more willing to
discriminate against colleagues. That tendency goes a long way toward explaining
how university campuses have become the near exclusive province of one side of
the political spectrum. In a preelection survey of Princeton University faculty
and staff, those contributing to Barack Obama’s campaign outnumbered those
contributing to Mitt Romney’s 155 to two (a visiting engineering professor and a
THE POLITICS-as-morality-tale narrative blinds one to reality.
Voters under 30 in the recent US presidential election preferred Obama almost
two-to-one. Yet the economic stagnation of the past four years has hit this
cohort hardest, and the trillion-dollar-per-year budgets of the first Obama term
render their chances of retirement with cushy government entitlements
“Generation screwed,” Newsweek calls them.
18-to-29-year-olds is 12.7 percent – 16.7% if one counts those who have given up
looking for jobs. A full one quarter of 18-to-34-year-olds have moved back in
with their parents to save money. In another survey, only 40% of college
graduates say that they are performing work requiring a college degree. As
Obamacare’s penalties on employers who do not provide insurance for full-time
workers take effect, many of those who currently have jobs will find themselves
being transferred to part-time positions. It’s already happening.
youngest cohort of voters are doubly squeezed. Their present prospects stink,
and the current generous senior entitlements – Social Security, Medicaid, and
Medicare – will not await them at the other end. The US will be bankrupt long
before then. (Israeli social justice protesters take note.) Nor are the reasons
for the current economic stagnation hard to discern. The so-called “blue model”
– high taxation, heavy regulation of business and labor markets, generous
pensions for government workers – is everywhere defunct. The economic stagnation
of the last four years in America has long characterized every euro country,
except for thrifty, hardworking Germany. Greece is but the worst basket-case.
The unemployment rate in Spain among youth 16-to-24 is now over 50%.
three largest “blue states” in America – California, Illinois and New York –
which form the base of Democratic political support, are also in the worst
fiscal shape. In the Chief Executive’s annual ranking of the best and worst
states to do business, they nailed down the three worst
Politicians in California and New York have saddled taxpayers
with over $300 billion in debt. Per capita citizen debt in Illinois, President
Obama’s home state, is $9,624, topped only by New York’s $13,840. Illinois has
issued $58b. in bonds to cover pension fund obligations. Still, retired public
workers will not collect; the estimated pension plan shortfall, even after that
huge borrowing, is $85b.
Obama is the great champion of “blue”
He once said that he prefers higher taxes on the wealthy as
“more fair,” even if it harms the economy. He offered not a single proposal for
deficit reduction other than higher taxes on those earning over $250,000. His
proposed tax increases would barely make a dent in deficits, but by hitting
small business owners hard, would again cost jobs. He has not passed a budget in
three years, while racking up annual deficits in excess of a trillion dollars.
The last two budgets were unanimously rejected by the Democrat-controlled
FINALLY, THE use of politics as a proof of one’s goodness stunts
character development and provides bad models. American voters concluded that
Obama cares more about the average Joe. I wonder. Even in the most admiring
biographies of the president – he’s brilliant, he’s cool, he’s handsome, he’s
unflappable – I have yet to read of one instance of his extending himself for
another human being.
Such stories about Romney are legion – not just
giving away $4 million in annual charitable contributions, but physically
helping neighbors do home repairs and the like. He shut down evil Bain Capital
for a week so that the whole staff could search for a colleague’s missing
(She was found, just in time, through their efforts.) And the
largest slice of his time since the election has been spent working databases to
help find jobs for 400 campaign workers.
As George Will once observed,
values are cheap: anyone can proclaim hundreds of values.
Virtue is much
harder to attain. The acquisition of virtues requires hard work and self-denial.
It cannot be achieved by pulling a voting lever or putting a “Free Palestine”
bumper sticker on your car.
The writer is director of Jewish Media
Resources, has written a regular column in The Jerusalem Post Magazine since
1997, and is the author of eight biographies of modern Jewish leaders.