There’s an old joke which illustrates the foolishness of the tag machir (price
A Chinese guy and a Jewish guy are walking along the
street, and all of a sudden the Jewish guy punches the Chinese guy in the mouth.
“What was that for?” asks the Chinese guy.
“That was for Pearl Harbor!”
says the Jew.
“Pearl Harbor? But that was the Japanese. I’m Chinese!”
“Chinese, Japanese, what’s the difference?” says the Jew.
walking, and after a few minutes the Chinese guy slugs the Jew in the
“Ow, what was that for??!” he asks.
“That was for the
Titanic!” charges the Chinese guy.
“The Titanic? That was an iceberg!”
“Iceberg, Goldberg, what’s the difference?”
Jews have been the world’s favorite
scapegoats since at least the 4th century, when Constantine made Christianity
the official religion of the Roman Empire. So Jews, of all people, should be
sensitive to how terrible it is to make someone a scapegoat.
Yet that is
exactly what the perpetrators of the “price tag” campaign are doing. In recent
weeks two mosques and an IDF base have been attacked by vandals, most likely
because extremist settlers were unhappy with the Israeli government’s
dismantling of illegal settlement outposts. Torching a mosque because of an
action of the Israeli government makes as much sense as punching Goldberg
because an iceberg sank the Titanic. Such behavior is not only stupid, it is a
clear violation of halacha
[Jewish religious law]. Since most of these extremist
settlers give at least the appearance of being religious, with kippot
[skullcaps] on their heads and tzitzit
flying, their behavior is especially
“Price tag” attacks violate halacha
in many ways. First, the
Torah clearly forbids vicarious punishment, punishing someone other than the
Deuteronomy 24:16 says “The fathers shall not be put to death
for the children, nor shall the children be put to death for the fathers; every
man shall be put to death for his own sin.” The Tanach [Hebrew Bible] gives an
example of this principle put into practice: in Chronicles we are told that the
First Temple era King Amaziah did not kill the sons of the people who killed his
father, even though he may have been tempted to, because of this passage in the
The principle is clear: everyone is punished for his own sin only,
and if you would not punish a son for the sin of a father, al achat kama v’kama
all the more so, you would not punish a stranger.
When the perpetrators
of the price tag campaign attack a mosque they are also guilty of several other
sins. They are guilty of violating the principle of bal tashchit
, not to carry
out wanton destruction. This is based on a passage in the Torah that prohibits
chopping down fruit-bearing trees, even in a time of war. In his Mishneh Torah,
Rambam (Maimonides, 12th century) says, “Not only the trees, rather whoever
breaks vessels and tears garments, destroys a building and obstructs a
wellspring, or wastes food in a destructive way transgresses the mitzvah
The Shulhan Aruch
, the leading Jewish law code, clearly states that a
person is liable and must pay if he damages someone else’s property, even if he
did not personally benefit from the damage.
But the greatest sin the
perpetrators of the price tag campaign commit is the sin of hillul Hashem
desecration of God’s name. Attacking a mosque – a house of worship of the same
God that we worship – and burning Korans that do reverence to many of the
patriarchs, matriarchs and prophets in the Torah –makes Judaism look bad. It
gives our religion, and by extension, our God and Torah, a horrible reputation.
It makes Judaism appear immoral, insensitive and disrespectful toward others in
the eyes of the nations.
Of those who desecrate God’s name the Talmud
says, “this man studied the Torah: Look, how corrupt are his deeds, how ugly his
ways; of him Scripture says: ‘These are the people of the Lord, and are gone
forth out of His land.’” It is as if they have abandoned God’s land, not
“settled” God’s land.
Attacking an IDF installation is admittedly not
quite as bad in this regard as attacking a mosque, but is still a violation of
all of the above principles, including desecrating God’s name. People who would
do such things in the name of Torah should be condemned by everyone who holds
Desecrating God’s name is such a serious sin that the Talmud,
in tractate Yoma
, tells us that even repentance cannot suspend the punishment,
and Yom Kippur cannot atone for the sin; together repentance and Yom Kippur only
suspend punishment, but do not atone.
As pointed out by Rabbi Yosef Blau
in his recent piece in The Jerusalem Post
, some yeshivas in the settlements are
teaching values that may lead some of the “hot-headed youth” to engage in price
tag actions. These yeshivas neglect the welfare of their students’ souls if they
fail to also teach them that these actions are grave sins.The writer is
a business executive and rabbi. He serves as chairman of the board of directors
of Rabbis for Human Rights. Opinions expressed here are his own.