WASHINGTON — The White House on Monday showed deep skepticism about Iran's new deal to ship low-enriched uranium off its soil, saying it has the chance to be a "positive step" but warning that the deal still allows Iran to keep enriching uranium toward the pursuit of a nuclear weapon.
"Given Iran's repeated failure to live up to its own commitments, and the need to address fundamental issues related to Iran's nuclear program, the United States and international community continue to have serious concerns," White House press secretary Robert Gibbs said in a written statement to the media.
In a deal struck with Turkey and Brazil, Iran said it would export much of its low-enriched uranium to Turkey. In return, Iran would get fuel rods of medium-enriched uranium to use in a Teheran medical research reactor. The move was seen as an attempt by Iran to prevent a looming round of United Nations sanctions.
But the nations leading the charge for more punitive action against Iran over its nuclear defiance, including the US, were hardly swayed.
Gibbs said that Iran still must make clear that its nuclear program is intended only for peaceful purposes "or face consequences, including sanctions."
Several world leaders, among them Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner, also expressed concern that the deal would adequately address the nuclear crisis.
'Declaration vague about Iran's promise to meet with Western leaders'
The UN has already imposed three rounds of financial sanctions on Iran
for its refusal to suspend uranium enrichment. The process is key to
concerns over its program, because it can produce either low-enriched
uranium needed to fuel a nuclear reactor or the highly enriched uranium
needed to build a warhead.
Iran's decision to continue its program to enrich uranium to near 20
percent is a direction violation of existing UN Security Council
resolutions, Gibbs said.
The White House spokesman added that the declaration issued out of
Teheran is also vague about Iran's willingness to meet as promised with
the set of countries working to resolve the nuclear standoff — the US
China, France, Russia, Britain and Germany.
An original UN proposal called for the Iranian uranium stockpile to be
sent to Russia to be further enriched to 20 percent, then turned into
fuel rods to power a Teheran medical research reactor that produces
isotopes for cancer treatment. The material returned to Iran as rods
cannot be processed beyond its lower, safer levels.