In 2007, 20,376 babies were born in Jerusalem - 13% of the total number of births in Israel. Jerusalem's population, however, comprises only 10% of Israel's total population. The crude birthrate is defined as the number of births per thousand inhabitants from the relevant population. In 2007, Jerusalem's crude birthrate stood at 28. By comparison, Israel's national birthrate was 21 and in Tel Aviv-Jaffa was 20. The birthrate among Jerusalem's Arab population is higher than the birthrate among the Jewish population: 30 births per thousand inhabitants as compared with 26. The birthrate of the Jewish population has witnessed a slow but steady decline since the 1970s. In the 1970s and 1980s, the average birthrate of the Jewish population was 28. By the 1990s it had declined to 26 and dipped further to 25 for the years 2000 through 2007. Over the same time period, the birthrate of Jerusalem's Arab population dropped considerably, though it continues to be higher than the birthrate of the Jewish population. In the 1970s, the average birthrate of the Arab population was 43. During the 1980s it had dropped to 33 but saw a modest increase to 34 over the 1990s. From 2000 to 2007, the average birthrate among the Arab population of Jerusalem stood at 32.

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