On June 30, 1948, the last British soldier sailed away from Haifa port, marking the end of the military occupation of Palestine by Britain. The Union Jack was lowered from the Port Authority''s building, the Israeli flag was hoisted, and Haifa's harbor became the main port of the State of Israel. The Jerusalem Post
reported on July 1, that General MacMillan had been the last soldier to leave, issuing a proclamation formally ending Britain's "military jurisdiction" in Palestine. The British Mandate began in 1920, three years after the British defeated Ottoman Turkish forces and occupied Ottoman Syria, which was later divided into British Palestine and TransJordan and French Syria and Lebanon.