The reportedly increasing sexual assaults against women in India are a matter of shame for all Indian citizens. A careful analysis of the various  authentic studies conducted by the National Crime Records Bureau, the Human Rights Watch and other agencies reveals most rapes go unreported in India as elsewhere in the world due to the victims’ fear of retaliation or humiliation. The majority of victims has been in the 18-30 year age group. Of them, 12.5 percent of victims are minors in India, compared with 17.4% in the United States. More than 7,200 minors are raped each year in India. In sex trafficking and crime against minors India ranks the seventh worst while China ranks first, Russia eleventh and Indonesia fourteenth.

The analysis reveals that in 2012, over 24,923 rape cases were reported across India. Its five- year average ( 2007-2011 ) was 22,000 rapes a year. The total reported number of rapes was highest in Madhya Pradesh, followed by  Uttar Pradesh  and West Bengal. New Delhi had the highest number of rape reports among the Indian cities, followed by Mumbai. Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh had the highest per capita incidence of rapes. The rape rate per 100,000 people was highest in Mizoram (10.4), followed by Tripura, Meghalaya, Sikkim and Assam.  India accounted for  a rape rate of 2 per 100,000 people, compared to 8.1 in Western Europe, 14.7 in Latin America and 40.2 in Southern African region. The annual rape rate in India increased from 1.9 to 2.0 per 100,000 people over the 2008-2012 period. It was 1.2 in Japan, 3.6 in Morocco, 4.6  in Bahrain, 12.3 in  Mexico, 24.1 in the United Kingdom, 28.6 in the United States, and 114.9 in South Africa.


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