BEIJING - China's Premier Wen Jiabao will visit three key Middle Eastern oil and gas suppliers -- Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar -- from the weekend, amid signs that Beijing wants to expand its options in the face of US sanctions aimed at Iran.
An announcement on Tuesday from the Chinese Foreign Ministry (www.mfa.gov.cn) said Wen would meet host leaders to "thoroughly exchange views on developing bilateral relations and on international and regional issues of common concern".
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Wen's trip, starting in Saudi Arabia, comes while Iran faces tightening Western sanctions over its nuclear program. Beijing faces pressure to go along with the US sanctions by cutting what it pays for Iranian oil, if not the volume it buys.
China already cut oil imports from Iran in January and February in a dispute over contract terms, and has been looking for alternative supplies.
Wen's talks are sure to cover, at least in general terms, energy cooperation with his Middle Eastern hosts, said Lin Boqiang, director of the China Center for Energy Economics Research at Xiamen University in east China.
"On any visit to the Middle East, these issues will be discussed," Lin told Reuters by telephone.
"Generally, there will be something that comes out of a visit like this, because a visit by a premier is not your average visit," he said of discussion on oil and gas.
China bought a combined 1.15 million barrels per day (bud) from these three nations in the first 11 months of 2011, customs data showed, nearly a quarter of its total crude imports.
Banking sanctions hit
US President Barack Obama recently authorized a law imposing sanctions on financial institutions that deal with Iran's central bank, its main clearinghouse for oil exports.
US Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner was due to arrive in Beijing late on Tuesday for talks that were likely to cover the banking sanctions against Iran.
That US sanctions threat could be a worry for China, the biggest buyer of Iranian oil, followed by India and Japan. Only Saudi Arabia and Angola sell more crude than Iran to China.
"Correctly speaking, it's not a matter of China necessarily reducing imports [from Iran], but of looking to increase imports from elsewhere," said Lin from Xiamen University.
"China, as well as Japan and other big oil consumers, is already turning its attention elsewhere," he said.
China has backed a series of UN Security Council resolutions calling on Iran to halt uranium enrichment activities, while working to ensure its energy ties are not threatened.
But China, which as a permanent member wields a Security Council veto,
has also criticized the United States and European Union for imposing
separate sanctions on Iran and said they should take no steps reaching
beyond the UN resolutions.
The Chinese announcement of Wen's trip did not mention any possible
energy or investment deals during Wen's six-day Middle East trip.
But on Sunday, Saudi Arabia's state oil giant, Saudi Armco , said it
will sign a final deal next week to build a 400,000 barrel-per-day (bud)
oil refinery in Yanbu with China's Sinopec Group.
Wen's trip was planned long before the recent ructions over Iran, but
will also give Beijing an opportunity to consolidate ties with major
Arab energy partners, said Li Guofu, the director of the Center for
Middle East Studies at the China Institute of International Studies, a
think tank in Beijing.
"Definitely these three countries are major suppliers of oil and gas to
China, and how to increase this kind of cooperation would be a major a
topic whenever they meet," said Li.