PA President Mahmoud Abbas at the UN General Assembly 311 (B.
(photo credit: Daniel Acker/Bloomberg)
WASHINGTON - A senior US Republican lawmaker announced on Tuesday she was seeking to cut off US funds to any United Nations organization that embraces an upgrade to the Palestinians' diplomatic status this autumn.
Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen included the cutoff clause in legislation that would change US financing of the United Nations so that Washington could choose the programs it wants to fund there, and the ones it does not.
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The conservative chairwoman of the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee, who is a staunch supporter of Israel, included the provision opposing Palestinian UN membership to try to head off Palestinian plans to seek the world body's endorsement of statehood when the General Assembly convenes next month.
"My bill ... seeks to stop this dangerous scheme in its tracks," she said in a statement.
The United States is the biggest contributor to the UN budget under a
system of mandatory contributions from member states. Washington pays
about 22 percent of the core UN budget and 25 percent of its
Ros-Lehtinen, a harsh UN critic, has been threatening for months to
introduce a bill to move US contributions to a "voluntary" basis. She
has done so despite warnings from the Obama administration that it would
oppose the measure -- warnings the US State Department renewed on
Tuesday. The Democratic-run Senate is also unlikely to pass the bill.
Israel rejects the Palestinians' plans as sidestepping peace talks that
have been frozen for a year in a dispute over Israel's settlement
The United States, like its ally Israel, opposes the idea of full
Palestinian membership in the United Nations at the moment and could use
Washington's veto power on the Security Council to block it. However,
President Barack Obama is hoping to avoid a diplomatic confrontation by
restarting Middle East peace talks and persuading Palestinian President
Mahmoud Abbas to back down from his statehood drive at the United
Another option for the Palestinians is to seek upgraded status -- they
are currently UN observers -- as a non-member state. This requires
approval from two-thirds of the UN General Assembly, not the Security
Council, and Washington would not be able to veto it.
A Ros-Lehtinen aide said the congresswoman also was worried about an
upgraded Palestinian status short of full membership. Her bill would cut
off US contributions to any UN entity that upgrades the status of the
Palestinian mission to the United Nations.
The State Department said it was opposed to Ros-Lehtinen's legislation
to revamp UN funding because, as spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said, it
would "seriously undermine our international standing and dangerously
weaken the UN as an instrument to advance US national security goals."
"We believe in U.N. reform, we just don't think that this is the right
way to go about it," Nuland said. The United States called on Monday for
the rescinding of a nearly 3 percent cost of living pay increase to
almost 5,000 UN employees in New York, saying it was inappropriate at a
time of austerity.
The United States has a history of being reluctant to pay its UN dues.
Critics in the United States accuse the world body of having a sometimes
corrupt and inefficient bureaucracy.
The criticism has been revived this year by Republicans in the House
majority just as lawmakers are looking for ways to reduce the US deficit
of $1.3 trillion.