Wayne Stiles has never recovered from his travels in the Holy Land. Follow him on Twitter (@WayneStiles) or on his blog at www.waynestiles.com.
time I’m in Jerusalem, I try to go to St. Peter in Gallicantu. Walking
to the balcony in the southwest corner of the area, I can overlook the
Hinnom Valley. Inevitably while I stand there, I think of Manasseh and
the horrific atrocities he committed in the area before my eyes.
Manasseh ruled for fifty-five years—the longest reign of all the Hebrew
kings (2 Chronicles 33:1-2). Even though Manasseh had one of the
godliest fathers in history, Manasseh was Judah's worst king. He lived
just like the godless nations God destroyed in bringing Israel into the
He adopted a pagan worldview— idolatry, astrology, child
sacrifice, witchcraft, and sorcery. The sin list here is a specific
violation of stated sins in Deuteronomy 18. “He made his sons pass
through the fire in the valley of Ben-hinnom; and he practiced
witchcraft, used divination, practiced sorcery, and dealt with mediums
and spiritists. He did much evil in the sight of the Lord, provoking Him
to anger” (2 Chronicles 33:6).
It's impossible to know why, but
Manasseh sought to break God's law with as much passion as his father,
Hezekiah, had sought to keep it. Manasseh rebuilt the high places where
one would worship idols. He built altars in the temple to idols. He
built altars to the stars. In a literal sense he rebuilt what Hezekiah
had torn down. Look at how the prophet Jeremiah put it: “And they have
built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of
Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, which I did
not command, and it did not come into My mind" (Jeremiah 7:31).
did God respond to Manasseh? He spoke to Manasseh and his people, but
they paid no attention. So God brought in the Assyrian army, “and they
captured Manasseh with hooks, bound him with bronze chains, and took him
to Babylon” (2 Chr. 33:10-11). When it says they captured him with
hooks, the Hebrew word refers to a hook that was put through the gills
of large fish. It is used like the ring used in the noses of wild beasts to
subdue and lead them. Manasseh's life is shown here to be so out of
control, as an unmanageable beast, which the Assyrian generals took and
subdued by a ring in the nose.
What a great change occurred at
that point: “And when he was in distress, he entreated the Lord his God
and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers. When he
prayed to Him, He was moved by his entreaty and heard his supplication,
and brought him again to Jerusalem to his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew
that the Lord was God” (2 Chr. 33:12-13). In his distresses he called
out to God and Manasseh finally let go of the illusion that he was in
control—and he humbled himself greatly.
Perhaps because of the
atrocities of Manasseh, Jesus used the Hinnom Valley as an illustration
of eternal torment (Matthew 18:9). Here also, Judas, the betrayer of
Jesus took his own life. Hence, the residents later named the place
“Hakeldama,” or “Field of Blood” (Acts 1:18-19).
Today when I
see the Hinnom Valley, it looks far different from the time of Manasseh.
Today the valley hosts concerts and offers lush, green grass for
children playing Frisbee. How ironic that in times past, children were killed
there. Today, they play.
It’s almost as if the valley has been
redeemed from the horrific acts of idol worship and child sacrifice.
Just like Manasseh was redeemed.
In Manasseh's wickedness he
removed all the fences of God's law, and thus removed the protection and
provision God's law intended to provide. Only after Assyrian nose hooks
did he discover the value of the fences, and to his credit, he began
rebuilding them. Manasseh illustrates the awful results of living
without fences and the awesome grace of God toward all who would turn to
the Lord in sincerity. How to Get There:
On modern Mount
Zion in Jerusalem, enter the parking lot of the Church of St. Peter in
Gallicantu and walk to the southwest corner balcony. You can overlook
the connecting Kidron and Hinnom Valleys here. What to Do There:
Manasseh’s story in 2 Chronicles 33, as well as the descriptions given
of the valley in Jeremiah 7:31, Matthew 18:9, and Acts 1:18-19. Wayne Stiles has never recovered from his travels in the Holy Land. Follow him on Twitter (@WayneStiles) or on his blog at www.waynestiles.com.