Two babies aged seven and 10 months who suffer from a rare syndrome are hospitalized at Soroka Medical Center in Beersheba after suffering from diarrhea in the neonatal department. Stool samples were taken, and they were found to be infected with E. coli bacteria.
Both were found to be suffering from the rare hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), which is characterized by progressive renal failure associated with microangiopathic (non-immune, Coombs-negative) hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia.
HUS is the most common cause of acute kidney injury in children and is increasingly diagnosed in adults. Most cases are preceded by an episode of infectious, sometimes bloody, diarrhea acquired as a food-borne illness or from a contaminated water supply caused by E. coli bacteria.