Steinitz, Sheshinski 311.
(photo credit: Marc Israel Sellem)
The Sheshinski committee's on Monday presented its final recommendations and suggested increasing the government's take from oil and gas revenue from the current one-third to 50-62%. It also recommended levying a progressive tax rate on profits of 20-50% and canceling the depletion allowance. The royalties rate will remain unchanged at 12.5%.
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"During the interim period, the government's take from revenue from the oil and gas reserves will be 43-59%, below the level of comparable countries in the world", said Sheshinski at the press conference to present the recommendations.
Despite demands by Minister of National Infrastructures Uzi Landau to exempt the Tamar gas discovery from the recommendations, the Sheshinski committee did not do so. As a consequence the Ministry of National Infrastructures' two committee members opposed the recommendations and issued a minority report.
However, the final recommendations did set out tax breaks for the Mari B and Tamar fields. The Sheshinski committee will now go to the government for discussion.
The final report includes several additional easements and tax breaks compared with the interim recommendations, which were published on November 15. The interim recommendations set the government's take at 68% and the maximum tax rate on oil and gas profits at 60%.
The final report sets out a special program for "reserves that begin production no later than January 1, 2014". The main beneficiary of this program is Tamar. The program will give Tamar an enlarged R-factor of 2-2.8, which means that taxes will be levied on Tamar only after a 200% return on the investment in exploration and development of the reserves.
The final report also awards an accelerated depreciation of 15% on
reservoirs developed by the end of 2013. Tamar should also benefit from
Another special program is established for "reservoirs where commercial
production began before the establishment of the committee". The only
reservoir that meets this criterion is Yam Tethys's Mari B well, 35
kilometers offshore from Ashkelon. The model sets out that by the end of
2015, will be taxed at a reduced rate of 50% of the tax rate due to be
In addition, the tax rate will be calculated as if production at the
reservoir began when the tax rate was levied, and not since 2004, when
production from Mari B actually began. This means an initial tax rate of
20%, which will gradually increase, instead of an immediate tax rate of
60% as proposed in the interim recommendations.
The final report also proposes general benefits, including the
possibility of deducting royalties on payments to parties at interest in
the partnerships from the company tax paid the companies. This tax
break greatly reduces the companies' profits that are liable to tax.