Stephen Hawking, in his recent book The Grand Design, breaks the news – bitter to some – that God was not needed to create the universe. But remember, whether God was necessary to facilitate the creation of the universe is a question very different from was it God that created the universe? The latter relates to verifying a fact. The former relates to analyzing different options. My take on Hawking is that he goes for the first: God was not needed to create a universe, according to the laws of nature as we understand them.

As a lecturer at an Orthodox yeshiva, and having both a Torah and science (MIT) background, I totally agree with Prof. Hawking. To create a universe from nothing, God is not necessary; all that is needed are the laws of nature.


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