(photo credit: American Colony-Jerusalem-Photo Dept.)
The Library of Congress has recently digitalized a collection of over
10,000 photographs, taken by the "American Colony" in Jerusalem, a group
of Christian utopians who lived in Jerusalem between 1881 and the
1940s. The photographers returned to the US, and bequeathed their
massive collection to the Library of Congress in 1978. The collection
includes Winston Churchill's visit to Jerusalem, Jewish expulsions from
the Old City during Arab riots, and the building of Tel Aviv.
The Jewish National Fund was established in 1901 to purchase and develop land in the Holy Land.
major activity of the JNF, or in Hebrew the Keren Kayemet LeYisrael,
was the planting of trees on Jewish-owned land in Palestine. Many a
Jewish home had the iconic JNF blue charity box, or pushke, in order to
buy trees. In its history, the JNF is responsible for planting almost a
quarter of a billion trees.
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