Ten members of a US
missionary group who said they were trying to rescue 33 child victims
of Haiti's devastating earthquake were charged with child kidnapping
and criminal association on Thursday, their lawyer said.
Coq said after a court hearing that a judge found sufficient evidence
to charge the Americans, who were arrested Friday at Haiti's border
with the Dominican Republic. Coq attended Thursday's hearing and
represents the entire group in Haiti.
Group leader Laura Silsby
has said they were trying to take orphans and abandoned children to an
orphanage in the neighboring Dominican Republic. She acknowledged they
had not sought permission from Haitian officials, but said they just
meant to help victims of the quake.
The children taken from the
group, ranging in age from 2 to 12, were being cared for at the
Austrian-run SOS Children's Village in Port-au-Prince on Wednesday.
citizens, most of them members of an Idaho-based church group, were
whisked away from the closed court hearing to jail in Port-au-Prince,
the capital. Silsby waved and smiled faintly to reporters but declined
to answer questions.
Coq said that under Haiti's legal system,
there won't be an open trial, but a judge will consider the evidence
and could render a verdict in about three months.
Coq said a
Haitian prosecutor told him the Americans were charged because they had
the children in their possession. No one from the Haitian government
could be reached immediately for comment.
Each kidnapping count
carries a possible sentence of five to 15 years in prison. Each
criminal association count has a potential sentence of three to nine
Coq said that nine of the 10 knew nothing about the alleged scheme, or that paperwork for the children was not in order.
going to do everything I can to get the nine out," Coq said. That would
still leave mission leader Laura Silsby facing charges.
State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley said in Washington the US
was open to discuss "other legal avenues" for the defendants — an
apparent reference to the Haitian prime minister's earlier suggestion
that Haiti could consider sending the Americans back to the United
States for prosecution.
Several parents of the children in
Callebas, a quake-wracked Haitian village near the capital, told The
Associated Press Wednesday they had handed over their children
willingly because they were unable to feed or clothe their children and
the American missionaries promised to give them a better life.
Their accounts contradicted statements by Silsby, of Meridian, Idaho.
a jailhouse interview Saturday, Silsby told the AP that most of the
children had been delivered to the Americans by distant relatives,
while some came from orphanages that had collapsed in the quake.
are very precious kids that have lost their homes and families and are
so deeply in need of, most of all, God's love and his compassion," she
In Callebas, parents said a local orphanage worker, fluent
in English and acting on behalf of the Baptists, had convened nearly
the entire village of 500 people on a dirt soccer field to present the
Isaac Adrien, 20, told his neighbors the
missionaries would educate their children in the neighboring Dominican
Republic, the villagers said, adding that they were also assured they
would be free to visit their children there.
Many parents jumped at the offer.
said he met Silsby in Port-au-Prince on Jan. 26. She told him she was
looking for homeless children, he said, and he knew exactly where to
He rushed home to Callebas, where people scrape by
growing carrots, peppers and onions. That very day, he had a list of 20
As they loaded children onto a bus in Callebas on Jan.
28, the Americans took down contact information for all the families
and assured them a relative would be able to visit them in the
The Americans' journey began last summer
after Silsby and her former nanny, 24-year-old Charisa Coulter,
resolved to establish an orphanage for Haitian children in the
Dominican Republic. Coulter is among the jailed Americans.
began buying up used clothing and collecting donations from their
Central Valley Baptist Church in Meridian and in November, Silsby
registered the New Life Children's Refuge Inc., the nonprofit
organization coordinating the rescue mission. It listed the address of
her now-foreclosed home in Meridian as its headquarters.
quake hit. Silsby and Coulter moved into high gear, gathering donations
and assembling a team to go into Haiti and urgently take out children,
the younger woman's father, Mel Coulter, told the AP from his home in
The group packed 40 plastic bins of donated goods
into a U-Haul trailer and drove to Salt Lake City on Jan. 22, where
they took a flight to the Dominican Republic. They made their way to
Haiti, where four days later, they were introduced to Adrien.
who had served as the go-between and translator for the missionaries,
said he had no knowledge of the group's larger plans; villagers said
they were told none of their children would be offered for adoption.
A Haitian-born pastor who said he worked as an unpaid consultant for the group insisted the Baptists had done nothing wrong.
Rev. Jean Sainvil said some of the children were orphans and might have
been put up for adoption. Children with parents were to be kept in the
Dominican Republic, and would not lose contact with their families,
Sainvil said in Atlanta.
"Everybody agreed that they knew where
the children were going. The parents were told, and we confirmed they
would be allowed to see the children and even take them back if need
be," he said.
Sainvil stressed that in Haiti it is not uncommon for parents who can't support their children to send them to orphanages.
Prime Minister Max Bellerive has said he recognized the Americans may
simply have been well-meaning who believed their charitable Christian
intent justified trying to remove the children from quake-crippled
Only minutes before the charges, the Americans' Dominican
lawyer, Jorge Puello, had said he expected at least nine of the 10 to
be released and said he was arranging a charter flight for them from
Santo Domingo, the Dominican capital.
After the Haitian lawyer's announcement, Puello could not be reached by telephone for comment.
at the airport (in Santo Domingo) and we're getting the plane ready.
We're just waiting for the green light," Puello said. "I spoke to a
source inside the jail — a government official — who said nine would be
released but one would be held for further investigation."