In today’s Israel, so heavily under the influence of identity politics, is there still a need for a religious Zionist party, which, even as it extols the virtues of placing country above party and ideology, remains very much a sectoral phenomenon?The ultra-Orthodox and the Arabs seek to disengage from Israeli society and maintain their separate identities (religious and national, separately). So it’s easy to understand why, from their perspective, a sectoral political entity is essential, and why most Arabs and ultra-Orthodox Jews vote overwhelmingly for “their” parties. But there is a crucial difference between these two groups and the religious Zionists. Religious Zionism does not want to isolate itself, but rather to integrate. This has been its banner from the very start. If so, why should there be a separate religious Zionist political party?In the past, religious political parties existed to pursue two goals. The first was to enact religious legislation that would realize the halakhic (collective body of Jewish religious laws) vision of the Jewish state (in the first generation after independence) and preserve Jewish identity, in the religious sense, of the public space in Israel (in the second generation). The second goal was to consolidate a political force that could ensure the allocation of the resources needed to sustain and develop the sector’s institutions – a school system, youth movements, yeshivas, a women’s organization, and more.