Look out Dubai and all the other glittering Gulf airports. Jordan’s Queen Alia
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International Airport is making a bid to become the Middle East’s next regional hub.
Right now a smallish and tatty facility, the first phase of a new $800 million state-of-
the-art terminal is due to be completed next year, doubling the airport’s annual capacity to seven million passengers. In the years following, the aim is to increase capacity 6% annually to bring capacity up to 12 million passengers a year by 2033.
The airport’s operators are aiming for glamour as well as numbers. Designed by the firm of world renowned British architect Norman Foster, the new terminal will be topped by distinctive sculpted domed roofs that echo the shape of Jordan's traditional Bedouin tents. Pools of water in the terminal’s courtyards are designed to reflect daylight into the building and provide passive air-cooling.
“The new iconic terminal will play a key role in Jordan's plans to emerge in the near-
future as a major regional travel hub,” Airports Group International (AIG), a private firm took over responsibility for expanding and operating Queen Alia four years ago, said in a statement marking the latest progress in construction.
Jordan’s hub-airport ambitions come at a time of breakneck airport development in the
Gulf as well as doubt about the short-to-medium term prospects for global aviation amid a sputtering global economy. Governments in the Middle East are expected to spend nearly $90 billion in aviation infrastructure development, including $86 billion in the Gulf over the next decades.
Saudi Arabia intends to invest approximately $7 billion in its new airport project. In
Oman, the Muscat airport is being developed at a cost of $330 million to handle 48 million passengers annually, while Qatar, which is gearing up to host the 2022 World
Cup in football, aims to boost to its aviation infrastructure at a cost of $1 billion.
Dubai Airports, which pioneered the strategy of turning the Gulf into a transit hub for long-haul flights between Europe and Asia, unveiled a plan recently to spend nearly $8 billion through 2020 to increase the airport's capacity to over 90 million passengers annually.
“With Qatar and Dubai expanding, we have overcapacity,” Christian Lambertus,
managing partner of Germany-based Aviationexperts, told The Media Line. “The
question in all this overcapacity is there a niche someone could benefit
from. Is it Jordan? I can’t tell... You need traffic through the hub to
justify the investment.”
A spokesman for AIG wasn’t immediately available for comment.
Positioned half way between Europe and the burgeoning economies of Asia,
Dubai and other Gulf countries have built massive airports that can
funnel passengers quickly and efficiently.
“The Gulf airports are now taking over the hub transfer business, which until recently
was centered on London, Frankfurt, Paris and Amsterdam,” Philip
Butterworth-Hayes, lead consultant at PMi Media, a British firm that
tracks the aviation and defense industries, told The Media Line.
Even though the spruced up Queen Alia Airport will be competing with
Gulf airports for traffic, the state-owned Abu Dhabi Investment Company
is the biggest shareholder in AIG.
Lambertus, who said he hadn’t studied Jordan’s airport-expansion plans,
said there is no reason why its location closer to Europe would detract
from its efforts at developing a hub. The key challenge is to ensure
quick turnaround times between flights and, failing that, attractive
shopping and other facilities for travelling to while away the time.
“Istanbul is not far away and Turkish Airlines has a very good job
there, using it as their hub and taking traffic from Europe to the Gulf
and for long haul to Asia. Amman is a little further south and little
further east but it might benefit from it location as well.”
Queen Alia currently rates a 5.8 out of 10 on a user scale operated by the aviation
research organization Skytrax. But Dubai International Airport scores a 4.7 and Abu
Dhabi International Airport a 5.6 while Doha International Airport rates
a 7.6. Singapore Changi Airport, widely regarded as one of the best run
airports in the world, scored an 8.2.
Jordanian tourism has taken a hit from the turmoil of the Arab Spring, even though
the kingdom has largely avoided the mass protests and violence that have paralyzed
the economies of countries like Syria and Egypt. The kingdom still has big plans to
increase the number of visitors and the government's goal is to double its 2010 tourism
revenues of $2.4 billion by 2015. To become a hub, however, you need to
have a major international carrier based in your airport. The big, bulk
airlines are unlikely to help Jordan.
AIG said last week that transit passengers using the airport as a hub
for travel within the MENA region represented a third of Queen Alia
Airport’s total traffic during the third quarter, totaling over one
million passengers. Passengers traveling outside the region stood at
To increase that, the country’s national carrier, Royal Jordanian, will
have to make a bid to expand its routes. The carrier now has a fleet of
32 mainly Airbus jets, but it has an order for 11 new Boeing 787
Dreamliners, to be delivered in the beginning of 2014. By comparison,
Dubai’s Emirates airlines placed an order for 50 Boeing 777s at a cost
of $18 billion two weeks ago. Including options to buy 20 more of the
twin-aisle jets and other agreements, the order could grow to $26