Libyans celebrate news of Muammar Gaddafi's death 311 (R).
(photo credit: REUTERS/Ismail Zitouny)
Here is a timeline of the civil war in Libya since protests against Muammar Gaddafi broke out in February:
Feb. 15/16, 2011 - The arrest of human rights activist Fethi Tarbel starts a riot in Benghazi.
Feb. 24 - Anti-government militias take control of central coastal city of Misrata after evicting forces loyal to Gaddafi.
Feb. 26 - The UN Security Council imposes sanctions on Gaddafi and his family
, and refers the crackdown on rebels to the International Criminal Court.
Feb. 28 - EU governments approve sanctions against Gaddafi and his closest advisers.
March 5 - The rebel National Transitional Council (NTC) in Benghazi declares itself Libya's sole representative.
March 17 - The UN Security Council votes to authorize a no-fly zone
over Libya and military action -- to protect civilians against Gaddafi's army.
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March 19 - The first air strikes halt the advance of Gaddafi's forces on Benghazi and target Libya's air defenses.
April 30 - A NATO missile attack on a house
in Tripoli kills Gaddafi's youngest son and three grandchildren, his government says.
June 27 - The ICC issues arrest warrants
for Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam and intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi on charges of crimes against humanity.
Aug. 21 - Rebels enter Tripoli
with little resistance. Gaddafi makes audio addresses over state television calling on Libyans to fight off the rebel "rats."
Aug. 23 - The rebels overrun Gaddafi's fortified Bab al-Aziziya compound
in Tripoli, trashing the symbols of his rule.
29 - Gaddafi's wife, his daughter Aisha and two of his sons enter
Algeria. Aisha Gaddafi gives birth in a clinic in a border town hours
after crossing the frontier.
Sept. 1 - Libya's interim rulers
meet world leaders at a conference in Paris to discuss reshaping Libya.
Gaddafi, on the 42nd anniversary of his coming to power, urges his
supporters to fight on.
Sept. 8 - Interim prime minister Mahmoud Jibril arrives in Tripoli on his first visit since it was taken by his forces.
Sept. 11 - Libya starts producing oil again. Niger says Gaddafi's son Saadi has arrived there.
Sept. 13 - Interim government chief Mustafa Abdel Jalil makes his first speech in Tripoli to a crowd of about 10,000.
Sept. 15 - France's Nicolas Sarkozy and Britain's David Cameron land in Libya to a heroes' welcome.
Sept. 16 - The UN Security Council eases sanctions
on Libya, including on its national oil company and central bank. The
UN General Assembly approves a request to accredit interim government
envoys as Libya's sole representatives at the UN, effectively
recognizing the NTC.
Sept. 20 - US President Barack Obama calls for the last of Gaddafi's loyalist forces to surrender
as he announces the return of the US ambassador to Tripoli. Gaddafi
taunts NATO in a speech broadcast by Syrian-based Arrai television
Sept. 21 - The interim rulers say they have captured
most of Sabha, one of three main towns where Gaddafi loyalists have been
holding out since the fall of Tripoli. Gaddafi's birthplace Sirte and
the town of Bani Walid continue to resist.
Sept. 25 - The first Libyan crude oil to be shipped in months sails from the eastern port of Marsa el Hariga for Italy.
27 - NATO says Libya's interim rulers have taken full control of the
country's stockpile of chemical weapons and nuclear material.
Oct. 12 - Government fighters capture Gaddafi's son Mo'tassim
after he tried to escape Sirte.
Oct. 13 - NTC forces say they have control of the whole of Sirte
except neighborhood 'Number Two' where Gaddafi forces are surrounded.
14 - Gunfights break out in Tripoli between Gaddafi supporters and NTC
forces, the first sign of armed resistance to the new government.
Oct. 17 - NTC forces celebrate the capture of Bani Walid, one of the final bastions of Gaddafi loyalists.
-- A Syrian television station confirms Gaddafi's son Khamis died in fighting southeast of Tripoli on Aug. 29.
Oct. 18 - US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton arrives in Libya
on an unannounced visit, urges militias to unite.
Oct. 20 - Muammar Gaddafi is reportedly killed
as NTC fighters capture Sirte, Gaddafi's hometown, ending a two-month
siege and extinguishing the last significant hold out of troops loyal to
the deposed leader.
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