State Comptroller Shapira hands Edelstein report 370.
(photo credit: Courtesy of Knesset)
Despite the government’s significant efforts to advance the integration of
Ethiopian immigrants into Israeli society, gaps still remain in various fields
such as welfare, education and employment, according to the State Comptroller’s
Report released on Wednesday.
As of 2012, some 120,000 citizens of
Ethiopian origin live in Israel, as stated in the document, representing some
1.5 percent of the population. A third of them were born in Israel.
the last few years, the country has seen an average of 1,500 immigrants from
Ethiopia per year, half the rate of 10 years ago.
The report pointed out
that over the past 20 years, the State of Israel has taken important measures
and invested hundreds of millions of shekel to advance their integration through
Nevertheless, problems remain, the report
In the field of education, the report revealed that in the
2010-2011 academic year, only 1,000 out of the 12,546 students enrolled in
pre-academic programs were of Ethiopian origin.
Some 28.5% of Ethiopians
dropped out of the programs compared to 22% for the rest of the
Among the Ethiopians who finished the pre-academic programs,
more than half did not go on to study at universities, compared to 41% for the
rest of the students.
In addition, the dropout rate for Ethiopian
students who began their studies in 2011 was 19%, some 8% higher than the rest
of students. In private colleges, 13.5% of Ethiopian students dropped out,
compared to only 10% for the rest of the population.
Also, out of 22,000
engineering and technology students, only 194 were Ethiopian.
past few years, immigrants joining the IDF have made up about a fifth of the
general number of soldiers.
The majority of these olim come from the
former Soviet Union and Ethiopia.
According to data presented in the
report, 5,800 Ethiopian soldiers served in the army at the end of 2010. In that
same year, 2,430 of them had begun their service. The report stated that despite
their high motivation to join the IDF, Ethiopian soldiers tend to experience
problems during their service. In 2010, only 9% of them had gone through
professional training and took courses for their military positions.
report also showed that Ethiopians are much less represented than the rest of
the population in government roles and the public sector. But in local
authorities and municipalities, Ethiopians are more represented than they are in
According to the report, despite investing significantly in
the integration of Ethiopian immigrants, the Israeli government has never
evaluated the effectiveness of these measures, which represents “great
“Improving the situation of the Ethiopian community in Israel in
these fields will advance, in the best possible way, their integration into the
general Israeli society, both in terms of their socioeconomic conditions as well
as in their feeling of belonging,” the report stated.
comptroller suggested that the issue of integrating Ethiopian immigrants into
Israeli society should be handled by one exclusive body that will “see the big
picture” and better coordinate between the different areas of concern.
Join Jerusalem Post Premium Plus now for just $5 and upgrade your experience with an ads-free website and exclusive content. Click here>>