(photo credit: JPost Staff)
I really don’t get it. Can someone please explain to me what happens when there
really is no longer a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict? We
better start coming up with answers because we are almost there.
bi-national reality that successive Israeli governments since 1967 have created
in the West Bank, or Judea and Samaria if you like, is almost beyond partition.
Since 1937 the most reasonable, I would say the most Zionist solution that
almost the entire world designed and now still supports presupposes that this
conflict is essentially one between two national groups claiming the same piece
of territory. Because neither side wants to be ruled by the other, nor do they
want to live together in one democratic state, the obvious solution is
But as time went by the map of the partition went against the
side that refused this solution – namely the Palestinians. In 1988 they finally
accepted the partition solution and agreed, at least among themselves, that
their State of Palestine would be established on 22 percent of the land between
the River and the Sea.
The problem is that the other side, namely Israel,
did not agree to the 22%-78% split.
Israel wanted more. So today, those
Palestinians, at least the core of their leadership, are rapidly coming to the
conclusion that partition is no longer a viable option. But what now? If they
don’t want it, and we don’t want it, then what do we want, and can we agree on
it across the conflict line? The partition plan has always been incredibly
logical and rational. It is based on the assertion that there are in fact two
peoples – at least there are two people who each call themselves a people. It is
predicated on the principle in international relations of the right of
self-determination – in other words, if you call yourself a people, you look
like a people, you have a common history, a common culture and language and a
common perception of a joint future then you are a people.
As such, as a
people or a nation, you have to right to have a territorial expression of your
identity. At least that’s the way it works for nation-states, at least that is
how we, Israel, base our right for a state of our own.
Our Declaration of
Independence is a document which sets out to make our claim and to justify our
existence as a people. The United Nations partition plan of November 1947
legalized our claim into an internationally recognized decision, but at the same
time recognized the right of the Arabs living in Palestine (in other words
Palestinians) to also have a state of their own.
IF WE have have indeed
tossed out the partition option and we are left with two peoples in one state,
how do we continue to have a state of our own? When the territorial solution is
no longer possible, we either fight it out until death or exhaustion or we come
to some kind of partnership of sharing. Once upon a time it could have been
acceptable for some (mostly those who had power and money) for one people to
rule over another – even if the ruling side was a numerical minority. Those days
are long gone.
There are those among us who think that we can rule over
the whole land and “allow” the Palestinians to have citizenship in another
country across the river. There are others who think that because there are so
many other Arab countries that the Palestinians should simply pick up and move
to one of them. There are still others who think that the Palestinians will
agree to have some form of autonomy meaning some kind of municipal government
with no national rights.
All you have to do is put yourself into their
shoes. Would you accept to live in one country and to not have equal rights with
the other citizens in that country? Would you agree to have your national
expression and identity in a country over the border and not in your own
country? Would you agree to live in small enclosed communities without the right
to reside anywhere within the boundaries of your own land while another people
has the right to live anywhere they want, even on your land? Would you accept
having only some form of municipal autonomy and not full national rights in your
own country? It is easy to make proposals for the other side that you would
never accept for yourself.
Why should any Palestinian agree to live under
Israeli-Jewish rule and not to be able to pick up and live in Jaffa, Haifa,
Ramle or Lod, while you can live anywhere in Judea and Samaria that you please?
What makes your right more justified than their right? If your answer is because
God gave us this land, then there is no way to have a rational logical
The Palestinians can just as easily claim that all of
Palestine is waqf – a Muslim trust given by Allah to Muslims. This can also not
be argued on a rational logical level. If this conflict emerges to be one of
religion – my God against your God, then we will never be able to live in
For the past 100 years this has not been a religious conflict. It
has been a territorial conflict and it is about to become an identity conflict –
whose national identity is expressed on the territory in question? Or in other
words, who rules this place – us or them? We have a very short period of time
remaining before we may have to come to the conclusion that there is no longer
any resolution to this conflict that enables us to have a Jewish nation-state in
the Land of Israel. If this happens, God forbid, it will be the end of the
Zionist movement and the end of the dream that so many have worked so hard for
so long to create and sustain.The writer is the co-chairman of IPCRI,
the Israel Palestine Center for Research and Information and a radio host on All
for Peace Radio.