French soldiers heading to Mali, January 2013. 300.
(photo credit: Reuters)
F rance’s operation in Mali was launched after former French president Nicolas
Sarkozy’s military intervention and intensive activity in Libya, which led to
the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi. The chaos that has prevailed since then has
enabled the strengthening of the radical Islamic organizations, especially
Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).
The strengthening of the
terrorist organizations is a direct result of the Arab Spring and has worrisome
implications for Israel. Global jihad gangs, along with quantities of weapons
and missiles, are flowing into the Sinai Peninsula and Gaza.
very worried about the presence of Islamist and Salafist groups within France’s
Muslim community, which is believed to number more than six million. This
heightened presence encourages the Islamization of native French and even their
participation in terror attacks. Muhammad Merah, who murdered three French
soldiers and carried out the massacre at the Jewish school in Toulouse, has
become a symbol and a hero among Muslim youth.
Socialist France, which
decided to bring back its soldiers from Afghanistan, is now determined to
continue its military intervention in Mali. It is, however, likely to get bogged
down for a long time in the reaches of the Sahara. France is also very worried
about terror attacks on French targets abroad and at home, including attacks on
institutions of the Jewish community.
France shrinks from stating the
names of the global jihad terror organizations and instead uses the general term
“terror.” That term is taken from the Russian anti-Chechen lexicon. France,
which previously failed to free an intelligence agent in Somalia, also declined
to get its military entangled in the hostage crisis at the gas field in Algeria.
Instead, France encouraged the independent operation by the Algerian army, which
ended in a bloodbath and the brutal killing of dozens of foreign hostages.
Israel has been warning for a decade about the strengthening of radical Islam –
that is, al-Qaida – in North Africa. Western countries, including the United
States and France, did not relate seriously to the threat. Even after September
11, 2001, the War on Terror focused on Iraq and Afghanistan. With the outbreak
of the Arab Spring in Tunisia and the collapse of the regimes in Egypt and
Libya, the anarchy prevailing in these countries allowed Islamic groups to raise
their heads and consolidate around the bloody struggle against the West and the
regimes it supports. Sunnis and Shi’ites set the stage for terrorist operations,
with the aim of putting a global jihad policy into action.
In March 2003,
France staunchly opposed the US invasion of Iraq, and last December France
brought back all its soldiers from Afghanistan. President François Hollande’s
decision to send a military force to Mali was taken in complete surprise and
haste after a very real danger emerged that radical Islamic groups would take
over the country and conquer its capital city, Bamako. Initially, France sent
750 soldiers, but then quickly realized that the campaign would be complex and
difficult. Today there are 2,500 French soldiers in Mali, along with
supplementary forces from African countries. European states support the French
involvement in principle, but are still reluctant to take part in the fighting,
and instead have sent only logistical assistance.
Also struggling over
control of Mali are the Tuareg, a Berber ethnic group numbering about 800,000
that has striven for decades for the independence of their region in
west-central Mali. Gaddafi supported the Tuareg and gave them both financial and
military assistance. France is fighting against Tuareg national aspirations as
well as radical Islamic groups.
Mali is a huge and strategic country that
borders seven other African countries. It attained independence in 1960. France
still has important economic interests there, including raw materials such as
oil, gold and uranium. Hollande is indeed acting according to the doctrine that
any military intervention in Africa should be based first and foremost on
economic interests and raw materials. The socialist president thereby continues
the tradition of his predecessors and, 50 years after the end of the colonial
era, his country is still not free of obligations to francophone colonies
(Lebanon, the Maghreb and black Africa) and energetically extends them patronage
in the form of military, economic and cultural assistance. In the past, France
has intervened militarily in Zaire, Chad, and the Ivory Coast.
also has permanent military bases in Djibouti (located in the Horn of Africa),
Gabon, Senegal and in Abu Dhabi in the Persian Gulf. Its battleships and
coastguard vessels also patrol the region to prevent kidnappings and attacks.
Some 10,000 French soldiers and instructors are also helping train local regimes
and armies. About a quarter million French subjects currently live in Africa,
and France’s annual imports from the continent are estimated at 20 billion
It should be noted, then, that France conducts a hypocritical
policy toward Palestinian terror and continues to define it as a legitimate
struggle for the “liberation of an occupied people.” Thus, Paris, practicing a
double-standard of morality, condemns Israel’s retaliatory acts against Hamas
and Hezbollah, but sees fit to act against terrorists thousands of kilometers
from its own territory. One should, of course, commend France’s determined fight
against global terror. But the time has come for sober internalization of the
fact that the Islamic terrorists in Mali and the terrorists in Gaza, Sinai and
Lebanon belong to the same family and must be fought and eradicated
together.Ambassador Freddy Eytan, a former Foreign Ministry senior
advisor who served in Israel’s embassies in Paris and Brussels, was Israel’s
first ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Mauritania. He heads the Jerusalem
Center’s Israel-Europe Project, focusing on presenting Israel’s case in the
countries of Europe.