President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva is the first Brazilian head of
state to visit the Holy Land since Emperor Dom Pedro II in 1876, a
great event indeed for both Israel and Brazil. He is also visiting the
Palestinian Authority and Jordan.
Since early 2009, it seems that Brazil, and President da Silva
personally, have taken on an active diplomatic offensive in the Middle
East, centered around Iran’s international position.
After a failed attempt at a visit in May, due to elections constraints,
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad became the first Iranian president to visit Brazil
in November 2009.
Despite American, and even internal, criticism concerning Brazil’s
lenient view on Iran’s nuclear program as well as the disputed
presidential elections, da Silva has warmly welcomed Ahmadinejad,
claiming that the two countries can cooperate to enhance a new economic order.
In the face of Iran’s successful push in Latin America, the Israeli
diplomatic corps has finally rediscovered the continent. Foreign
Minister Avigdor Lieberman visited Brazil in July 2009, followed by
President Shimon Peres in November, the first visit of an Israeli
President in 40 years. Coincidence or not, Palestinian Authority
President Mahmoud Abbas was also invited in November.
It seems therefore that da Silva has taken these opportunities to
involve Brazil in the Middle East process and to perhaps act as a
mediator in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, as well as US-Iranian
THIS DIPLOMATIC push fits Brazil’s enhanced regional and global
standing, its membership in the BRIC Club (Brazil, Russia, India and
China), its desire for a permanent seat on the Security Council and da
Silva’s personal ambition to play a more international role.
This move was facilitated by US President Barack Obama’s new strategy
of openness toward Iran and the Muslim world. Da Silva was the first
Latin American leader hosted by Obama, who hailed him as “the most
popular politician on earth.”
On the other hand, da Silva’s relationship with Iran has been described
as conflicting with Western policies aimed at isolating and sanctioning
Iran for its controversial nuclear project. Brazil has, by and large,
supported the Iranian nuclear program, and the president considers Iran
to have the right to develop peaceful nuclear technology, provided that
it does not violate international regulations.
During the visits of Middle Eastern politicians in Brazil, da Silva has
stressed the importance of searching for peace in the region by means
of dialogue rather than isolation, and showed his determination to
engage in Middle East affairs.
“The time has come to bring into the arena players who will be able to
put forward new ideas. Those players must have access to all levels of
the conflict: in Israel, in Palestine, in Iran, in Syria, in Jordan and
in many other countries that are associated with this conflict” da
Silva told Haaretz
just before his arrival.
WHAT THEN are the issues at stake and what are the chances Brazil can
play a major role in the negotiating process in the region?
Concerning the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Mahmoud Abbas declared
during his visit: “With respect to you, President Lula, we would like
you to have a role [in the Middle East], and you’re ready for it.
Brazil, as an important country, and President Lula, as a respected
leader, can play an important role. There are many ways of taking
action for peace.”
Interestingly, Abbas’s main request to da Silva was to convince Iran to
put an end to its support for the radical Palestinian movement Hamas.
“Iran supports Hamas with money and Hamas’ decisions are in the hands of Teheran,” he said in an interview before his arrival.
Days ago, Mahmoud Abbas blamed Iran for thwarting reconciliation
between his Fatah faction and Hamas. Iran doesn’t want Hamas to sign
the Egyptian-brokered reconciliation document, Abbas said, and argued
that the Palestinians should be “free from Iranian tutelage.”
It could inferred from this that Abbas will once again ask President
Lula to intervene with the Iranians during his May visit to Teheran.
Abbas will also probably prepare the ground for future support from
Brazil should negotiations with Israel fail and the Palestinian
Authority decide to make a unilateral declaration of Palestinian sovereignty.
As for the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, Abbas, the Israeli leaders
as well as some skeptic observers, believe that Brazil has a rather
“modest diplomatic realm in the region.”
They are betting mainly on US mediation and are already overwhelmed by
the meddling of some already major players, like Egypt, Europeans and
other well-wishers worldwide.
THE ISRAELI government would have most probably insisted in its
dialogue with the Brazilian president on a more assertive stance on the
Iranian nuclear issue, seen as an existential threat to the Jewish
state, especially against the backdrop of Brazil’s decision not to
support the proposed sanctions against Iran at the Security Council and
da Silva’s recent declaration that “there are other interests in the
Middle East which must be represented ... Iran is part of all this, and
therefore someone must talk to them.”
At least on the issue of Ahmadinejad’s Holocaust denial and threats to
destroy Israel, da Silva has presented a clear stance: “It’s impossible
to imagine someone saying there wasn’t a Holocaust or to
accept someone saying they’re going to do away with another country,” da Silva said before his departure to the region.
It seems Ahmadinejad hadn’t heard Lula; he declared two days later that
Israel “had reached the end of its road” and was no longer “useful for
its masters [the West]” who had “gathered the most criminal people in the world and stationed them in our region with lies and fabricated scenarios.”
Thus, ironically, on the political and diplomatic side, da Silva’s
visit to Israel, the PA and Jordan will be focused mostly on the
Hopefully, the Brazilian president will understand that his country’s
stance is extremely important in the global arena, and that he should
strive to help stop the nuclearization of the radical Iranian regime:
for the sake of the stability of our beleaguered region, the advance of
the peace process between Israel and the Palestinians, the internal
reconciliation between Palestinian themselves and for the well-being of
the oppressed Iranian people.
The writer is Senior Research Scholar
at the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT) and The
Institute for Policy and Strategy (IPS) at The Interdisciplinary Center
(IDC), Herzliya, Israel. This article first appeared in the Brazilian
O Estado do Sao Paolo on Wednesday.