SIRTE - Libya's new rulers said on Wednesday they believed fugitive former leader Muammar Gaddafi was being shielded by nomadic tribesmen in the desert near the Algerian border, while his followers fend off assaults on his hometown.
Intense sniper and artillery fire from pro-Gaddafi fighters has so far prevented National Transitional Council (NTC) forces from taking Sirte despite more than two weeks of fighting and two full-on assaults.
One of Gaddafi's last two bastions, it has withstood a siege, NTC tank and rocket fire as well as NATO air strikes, and the United Nations and international aid agencies are worried about conditions for civilians trapped inside.
More than a month since NTC fighters captured the capital Tripoli, Gaddafi remains defiantly on the run pledging to lead a campaign of armed resistance against the new leaders.
Gaddafi himself may be holed up near the western town of Ghadames, near the Algerian border, under the protection of Tuareg tribesmen, a senior NTC military official said.
"There has been a fight between Tuareg tribesmen who are loyal to Gaddafi and Arabs living there (in the south). We are negotiating. The Gaddafi search is taking a different course," Hisham Buhagiar told Reuters, without elaborating.
Many Tuaregs, nomads who roam the desert spanning the borders of Libya
and its neighbours, have backed Gaddafi since he supported their
rebellions against the governments of Mali and Niger in the 1970s and
allowed them to settle in Libya.
Buhagiar said Gaddafi's most politically prominent son, Saif al-Islam,
was in the other final loyalist holdout, Bani Walid, and that another
son, Mutassem, was in Sirte.Rebels struggle to capture remaining Gaddafi stongholds
Lack of coordination and division at the front-line have been hampering NTC attempts to capture Sirte and Bani Walid.
Fighting continued on separate eastern and western fronts in Sirte on
Wednesday and commanders said they would try to join the two fronts
together and take the city's airport.
"There is progress toward the coastal road and the airport.... The plan
is for various brigades to invade from other directions," NTC fighter
Amran al-Oweiwi said.
Street-fighting was under way at a roundabout 2 km (1.5 miles) east of
the town centre, where anti-Gaddafi fighters were pinned down for a
third day by sniper and artillery fire.
As NATO planes circled overhead, NTC forces moved five tanks to the
front but were immediately met with Grad rockets fired from inside the
town, missing the tanks by only yards.
A Reuters crew at the scene saw several NTC fighters flee the front-line under heavy fire while others stood their ground.
"If I die, I'll die proud," one fighter shouted as he left a group of hiding comrades and ran back to the front.
"At the buildings! At the buildings!" an NTC commander ordered fighters
manning the tanks, in an apparent attempt to target snipers, as thick
black smoke rose over the town.
On the western front, fighters leapt into pick-up trucks mounted with
machine guns and anti-aircraft guns and raced in the direction of the
Medical workers said 15 fighters were killed in Sirte on Tuesday, the
highest single-day death toll. Two more, including a senior NTC field
commander, were killed on Wednesday. More than 100 fighters were
wounded, many from sniper fire.
NTC fighters captured 60 African mercenaries in Sirte on Wednesday. They
said most had come from Chad and Mali to fight with Gaddafi loyalists.
A commander leading the attack on Sirte said on Tuesday he was in talks
with elders inside the city about a truce, but the head of an
anti-Gaddafi unit on the east rejected negotiations.
In Tripoli, a senior NTC officer said his fighters, on entering Sirte
two days ago, had found and seized a helicopter under camouflage that
appeared to have been made ready for a swift departure. He told Reuters
he suspected the helicopter was assigned for the use of a senior
official of the ousted Gaddafi government, possibly one of Gaddafi's
sons.Humanitarian organizations fear cost in lives of continued fighting
As the fighting continues, humanitarian organizations are sounding the
alarm about the possibility of civilian casualties in the town.
Gaddafi's spokesman has said NATO air strikes and NTC shelling are
NATO and the NTC deny that. They say Gaddafi loyalists are using
civilians inside Sirte as human shields and have kidnapped and executed
those they believe to be NTC supporters.
"Our main worry is the people being displaced because of the fighting,"
said Jafar Vishtawi, a delegate of the International Committee of the
Red Cross (ICRC), near Sirte.
Civilians fleeing the town have said there is no power, little water and that the local population is terrified.
Taking the last two Gaddafi strongholds and finding the toppled leader
would bring the NTC closer to establishing their credibility as the
country's new rulers.
A Syria-based television station that has been broadcasting audio
speeches by Gaddafi, reported on Tuesday that Gaddafi had addressed his
supporters and urged them to fight in a speech broadcast on a local
radio station in Bani Walid. The report by Arrai television could not be
In a separate development, NTC justice minister Mohammed al-Alagi said
he was ready to work with Scottish authorities to probe the possible
involvement of others in the Lockerbie bombing apart from the sole
Libyan convicted for the attack.
His remark reversed a position he took only on Monday, when he said that
as far as Libya was concerned the case of the bombing of the U.S.-bound
airliner over the Scottish village of Lockerbie with the loss of 270
lives was closed.
Scottish prosecutors had asked Libya's NTC to give them access to papers
or witnesses that could implicate more suspects in the attack, possibly
including Gaddafi himself.