Over a million protesters demanding Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's ouster
continued to pack Cairo's Tahrir Square Friday, breaking the evening curfew that has been put in place, Al-Jazeera reported.
The protesters were waving
Egyptian flags, singing the national anthem and cheering, appearing
undaunted and determined after their camp withstood two days of street
battles with regime supporters trying to dislodge them.
Editor's Notes: The reversal of a generation’s momentum
Column One: Israel and Arab democracy
Mubarak: I'd resign, but Egypt would descend into chaos
Hundreds and thousands were also protesting in the country's second biggest city of Alexandria, Al-Jazeera reported.
Families with children flowed over bridges across
the Nile into Tahrir Square, a sign that they were not intimidated after
the protesters fended off everything thrown at them by pro-Mubarak
attackers — storms of hurled concrete, metal rebar and firebombs,
fighters on horses and camels and automatic gunfire barrages. The
protesters passed through a series of beefed-up checkpoints by the
military and the protesters themselves guarding the square.
The crowd was the biggest since Tuesday, when a quarter-million turned out. A man sitting in a wheelchair was lifted — wheelchair and all — over the heads of the crowd and he pumped his arms in the air. Thousands prostrated in noon prayers and immediately after uttering the prayer's concluding "God's peace and blessings be upon you," they began chanting their message to Mubarak: "Leave! Leave! Leave!"
Egyptian Defense Minister Hussein Tantawi visited the square Friday
morning and talked to protesters, the most prominent government official
to do so in more than 10 days of unprecedented demonstrations demanding
an end of Mubarak's nearly 30 year rule. Soldiers checked IDs to ensure
those entering were not police in civilian clothes or ruling party
members and performed body searches at the square's entrances, a sign
that Egypt's most powerful institution was sanctioning the demonstration
— though Tantawi tried to convince those he spoke to end it.
Protesters labeled the rally the "day of leaving," a reference to their
demand Mubarak go on Friday. Some held up signs reading, "Now!"
Mubarak insists he will serve out the remaining seven months of his
term. He told ABC News that he wants to step down but that doing so
would spark chaos, and he vowed not to leave Egypt.
The Obama administration said it was in talks with top Egyptian officials about the possibility of Mubarak immediately resigning
, and an interim government forming before free and fair elections this year.
U.S. officials said the creation of a military-backed caretaker
government was one of several ideas being discussed between the Egyptian
regime and the Obama administration. The American officials spoke on
condition of anonymity to discuss the continuing sensitive talks.
Among the options was a proposal for Mubarak to resign immediately and
cede power to a transitional government run by Vice President Omar
Suleiman, the officials said.
Prominent reform advocate Mohamed ElBaradei called on Mubarak to "hear
the clear voice coming from the people and leave in dignity."
"The quicker he leaves in dignity the better it is for everybody," said
ElBaradei, a Nobel Peace laureate who has become one of the leaders of
Egypt's protest movement.
He told reporters Friday that there should be a yearlong transition to
democracy under a temporary constitution with a presidential council of
several people, including a military representative. During that year, a
permanent constitution would be drawn up to guarantee freedom to form
political parties — currently highly restricted — and other freedoms,
and then elections could be held.
That scenario would mean pushing back presidential elections scheduled
for September, but ElBaradei's camp said that time-frame was too rushed
given the amount of legal restructuring needed to guarantee a fair vote.
ElBaradei repeated his stance that he does not seek to be president
One self-professed potential candidate — Arab League chief Amr Moussa —
appeared in the square Friday, his convoy greeted by chants of "we want
you as president, we want you as president." Moussa, previously a former
foreign minister under Mubarak, has an elder statesman appeal for some
Egyptians, boosted by the tough rhetoric he takes on Israel.
Asked earlier by France's Europe 1 radio if he would consider a role in
the transitional government or eventually running for president, Moussa
replied, "Why say no?"
The atmosphere was peaceful after the 48 hours of violence between pro-
and anti-Mubarak crowds battling with rains of rock and concrete torn
from the street and shields fashioned out of sheet metal from a
construction site. Gangs backing Mubarak attacked journalists and human
rights activists across Cairo Thursday, while others were detained by
The pro-Mubarak crowds that have attacked demonstrators and foreign
journalists did not have a visible presence in Tahrir on Friday. On the
other side of Cairo, dozens of regime supporters carrying machetes and
sticks set up an impromptu checkpoint on the ring-road highway
encircling the city of 18 million, stopping cars to inspect them and ask
for IDs. The roadblock appeared to be looking for protesters heading to
Tahrir. One of the armed men wore a sign around his neck reading, "We
are sorry, Mr. President."
In Tahrir, protesters formed their own cordon inside the military's to
perform a secondary check of IDs and bags. Many of those arriving
brought fresh bread, water, fruit and other supplies, and the atmosphere
was relaxed. Long lines formed at tables of people handing out tea and
bread. Many waved the Egyptian flag or chatted amicably with the
soldiers. Women in full face veils and enveloping robes stood close to
women in blue jeans and tight tops.
Around the square were makeshift clinics, set up in the entranceways of
stores, including a KFC. At one, a man received an injection in his arm.
Above another was the sign of an interlocking crescent and cross.
Around 5,000 of the protesters prostrated themselves in prayer at noon.
Though men and women prayed separately as is traditional, the women
knelt in a block parallel to the men instead of behind them out of sight
or in a separate area entirely as takes place in most Egyptian mosques.
After uttering the concluding "God's peace and blessings be upon you"
of the prayer, they began the chant: "Leave! Leave! Leave!"
Ayman Nour, a former presidential candidate who is a member of a new
committee formed by various factions to conduct any future negotiations
on the protesters' behalf once Mubarak steps down, said that he hopes
the demonstration "leads to Mubarak's departure."
"The chaos is organized by his ruling party," Nour said. "There is a
fifth column inside the regime that led the looting and violence."
The committee and the protesters have refused any negotiations with the
government over the country's transition until Mubarak leaves.