Azerbaijan’s Twice Independence

 October 18th is when Azerbaijan celebrates restoration of freedom.

As history goes, Azerbaijan is one country that gained independence twice in the 20th century.

It was in 1919 when Azerbaijan gained its first independence and proudly passed a law that allowed women to vote, one year before the same law was passed in the United States.

However, Bolshevik Russia wanted the rich oil land of Azerbaijan to itself. And so, in 1920, the Bolshevik Army marched into Baku and the fledging country, weak to defend itself, fell into the hands of communism till it started to dissent to the Communist oppressor. Demonstrations in opposition to Communism broke in Baku in 1989. One million Azerbaijanis expressed their dismay and opposition to the Communist conqueror. But USSR did not let go so easily and in 1990 26,000 Soviet soldiers entered Baku to disperse the demonstrators, killing and harming civilians in the process. But the Azerbaijani spirit of "Down with Russian dictatorship!" did not die and in 1991, one and a half years later, on October 18th, Azerbaijan gained its second independence and held to it tight.

 The crowd at Baku Freedom Square in 1989

Today, October 18, 2018, invited guests witnessed the mayor and city council of City of Torrance, California, recognize and honor Azerbaijan’s Independence Day.

 L-Mr Patrick J Furey, Torrance Mayor with Mr-Nasimi-Aghayev-Azerbaijan Consul General holding the Proclamation

Torrance mayor, Mr. Patrick J. Furey, claiming the city’s numerous spoken languages but its residents are united under the banner of tolerance, freedom and democracy, bestowed upon Mr. Nasimi Aghayev, Consul General of Azerbaijan, representing the Republic of Azerbaijan, a Proclamation that reads:


WHEREAS,  on October 18, 1991 the people of Azerbaijan restored their country’s freedom and independence establishing the Republic of Azerbaijan and declaring it the successor to the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918-1920), which was the first secular parliamentary democracy in the Muslim world, granting voting rights to women in 1919 for the first time among Muslim nations; and

WHEREAS,     over the last 26 years, the Republic of Azerbaijan has consolidated its freedom, sovereignty and independence, and has become a staunch and strategic ally and the largest trade partner of the United States of America in the critically important South Caucasus region; and

WHEREAS,  the Republic of Azerbaijan is internationally regarded as a successful model for peaceful and harmonious coexistence of Muslims, Christians and Jews; and

WHEREAS,  every year, millions of Azerbaijanis around the globe, including tens of thousands in the U.S. and many in the City of Torrance, observe October 18 as Azerbaijan Independence Day and remember the contributions of their forefathers to the spread of democracy in the regions of Caucasus, Central Asia and Middle East, as well as celebrate the remarkable achievements made by the Republic of Azerbaijan as a free and independent nation.

NOW, THEREFORE, I, PATRICK J. FUREY, as Mayor of the City of Torrance, California, do hereby proclaim October 18, 2017 as


in the City of Torrance and encourage the entire community to join in this celebration.

Signed this 18th day of October 2017.

Mayor Patrick J. Furey



Rebecca Poirier, City Clerk

Azerbaijan is a member of the free world community, an ally of the United States and NATO forces supporter. I, a citizen of the USA, wish Azerbaijan Happy re-Birthday Day!

 The colors