Biden says no change to US 'strategic ambiguity' on Taiwan

Japan scrambles signals from Russian and Chinese warplanes conducting patrol in the region.

 US PRESIDENT Joe Biden stops to speak to reporters at Fort McNair Army Base in Washington, earlier this month, charging that Vladimir Putin is a war criminal and saying he’ll call for a war crimes trial. (photo credit: LEAH MILLIS/REUTERS)
US PRESIDENT Joe Biden stops to speak to reporters at Fort McNair Army Base in Washington, earlier this month, charging that Vladimir Putin is a war criminal and saying he’ll call for a war crimes trial.
(photo credit: LEAH MILLIS/REUTERS)

US President Joe Biden on Tuesday said there was no change to a US policy of "strategic ambiguity" on Taiwan, a day after he angered China by saying he would be willing to use force to defend the democratic island.

The issue of Taiwan loomed over a meeting in Tokyo of leaders of the Quad grouping of the United States, Japan, Australia and India, who stressed their determination to ensure a free and open Indo-Pacific region in the face of an increasingly assertive China - though Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said the group was not aimed at any one country. 

As the leaders met, Russian and Chinese warplanes conducted a joint patrol that lasted 13 hours in the region, in what Japanese Defence Minister Nobuo Kishi characterized as a likely provocation by both Beijing and Moscow.

in response to the patrol Japan scrambled jets and conveyed "grave concerns" to Russia and China through diplomatic channels, Kishi said at a news conference after Biden had departed Tokyo.

In addition South Korea's military also scrambled fighters, saying at least four Chinese and four Russian warplanes entered its air defense zone

The four leaders said in a joint statement issued after their talks that they "discussed their respective responses to the conflict in Ukraine and the ongoing tragic humanitarian crisis".

In an apparent concession to India, which has long had close ties with Russia, the words "Russia" or "Russian" did not appear in the statement.

Kishida told a news conference the leaders, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India, had shared their concerns about Ukraine and all four agreed on the importance of the rule of law, sovereignty and territorial integrity.

 Taipei, Taiwan (Illustrative). (credit: Wikimedia Commons) Taipei, Taiwan (Illustrative). (credit: Wikimedia Commons)

But Biden's comment on Taiwan, which was not even an official agenda topic at the Quad meeting, was the focus of much of the attention of the delegations and media.

While Washington is required by law to provide self-ruled Taiwan with the means to defend itself, it has long followed a policy of "strategic ambiguity" on whether it would intervene militarily to protect it in the event of a Chinese attack - a convention Biden had appeared to break with on Monday.

On Tuesday, Biden, asked if there had been any change to the US policy on Taiwan, responded: "No."

"The policy has not changed at all. I stated that when I made my statement yesterday," he said after the talks with his Quad colleagues.

Biden: The policy has not changed at all. I stated that when I made my statement yesterday.

China considers Taiwan an inalienable part of its territory and says it is the most sensitive and important issue in its relationship with Washington.

Biden's Monday comment, when he volunteered US military support for Taiwan, was the latest in a series of apparently off-the-cuff assertions that suggest his personal inclination is to defend it.

Some critics have said he has misspoken on the issue, or made a gaffe, but other analysts have suggested that given Biden's extensive foreign policy experience and the context in which he made the remarks, next to Kishida and after the Russian invasion of Ukraine, he had not spoken in error.

A Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson said on Monday that China had no room for compromise or concessions on matters relating to its sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Taiwan's foreign ministry thanked Biden for his support, as did Taiwan’s senior representative in Israel. 

“Taiwan is grateful to President Biden’s strong message to show rock-solid support to Taiwan," Ya-Ping (Abby) Lee, representative of the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Tel Aviv, told the Jerusalem Post on Monday.

"We will continue to work closely with like-minded partners and countries to maintain the peace, stability and prosperity in the Indo Pacific region," he said.

KAN Reshet Bet radio reported on Tuesday that Israel's Foreign Ministry had banned diplomats from inviting Taiwanese diplomats to official events or meeting with them publicly due to China's rising sensitivity concerning Taiwan.

Biden condemns Russia's invasion of Ukraine

Biden condemned Russia's invasion of Ukraine, saying it had global ramifications.

"Russia's assault of Ukraine only heightens the importance of those goals of fundamental principles of international order, territorial integrity and sovereignty. International law, human rights must always be defended regardless of where they're violated in the world," he said.

Kishida echoed Biden's condemnation of Russia, saying its invasion "shakes the foundation of international order" and was a direct challenge to the principles of the United Nations.

"We should not allow similar things to happen in the Indo-Pacific region," he said.

Biden said the United States would stand with its "close democratic partners" to push for a free and open Indo-Pacific.

India has frustrated the United States with what it regards as a lack of support for US-led sanctions on Russia and condemnation of its invasion, and abstained in UN Security Council votes on Russia's invasion.

The White House said Biden had condemned Russia's invasion of Ukraine in a bilateral meeting with Modi but it did not say if Modi had agreed.

Though India has developed close US ties in recent years and is a vital part of the Quad grouping, it also has a long-standing relationship with Russia, which remains a major supplier of its defense equipment and oil supplies.

New Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese said that "strong views" were expressed in the talks about Russia but did not give details.

Albanese also said his goals were aligned with the priorities of the Quad, telling his fellow leaders he wanted them all to lead on climate change.

"The region is looking to us to work with them and to lead by example," he said. "That's why my government will take ambitious action on climate change and increase our support to partners in the region as they work to address it."

China has been extending its influence in the Pacific where island nations face some of the most direct risks from rising seas. Top Chinese diplomat Wang Yi will in coming days visit the Solomon Islands, which recently signed a security pact with China despite US and Australian misgivings.

David Brinn and Tzvi Joffre contributed to this report.