2017 WAS a year of commemorating historic dates: 50 years since the reunification of Jerusalem, 100 years since the Balfour Declaration, and on December 9, 2017, 100 years since the Ottoman mayor of Jerusalem surrendered to the British. The hero of this story, General Edmund Allenby, who entered the city on December 11, 1917, became a symbol of “the noble British Empire and its enlightened rule in the Holy Land.”In a special edition marking the first anniversary of the liberation of Jerusalem on December 6, 1918, the Palestine News reported: “And the conqueror of Jerusalem, holy to all nations of the world and all the regions, he is the hero of the hour, about whom legends shall be woven: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. And his memory shall remain blessed, especially in the annals of those to whom he said: I and the armies under my command are proud of the fact that it fell to us to liberate your country from tyranny.”The Jews viewed Allenby’s entry into Jerusalem as the next step in fulfilling the vision of the Balfour Declaration, which had been issued only five weeks previous. Lord Balfour and General Allenby were declared national heroes to Jewish communities throughout the world: Balfour, for heralding the British Empire’s recognition of the Jewish people’s right to a national homeland, and Allenby, for enabling the Balfour Declaration to become a possibility. Both entered the Zionist pantheon and were acknowledged with honors, formal receptions, and tributes. Among Jews Allenby was seen as a modern Judah Maccabee and by the Christian world as a modern Crusader, establishing him as an English Christian national hero. For the Muslim population, General Allenby quickly became known as Al-Nabi “the prophet,” as they too heaped praises on the new ruler and victor of the battle. “It is quite surprising to find in newspapers of the time the same sentences voiced by people who were so different from each other,” says Eilat Lieber, director of the Tower of David Museum, who recently opened the exhibition “A General and A Gentleman – Allenby at the Gates of Jerusalem” that tracks the dramatic events that unfolded in just one week, a week that marked the beginning of a new and fascinating era in the history of Jerusalem.