From our archives: 65 years ago [pg. 14]

65 YEARS AGO On July 23, 1941, The Palestine Post reported that the Luftwaffe had bombed Moscow for the first time. Over 200 German planes came in waves and caused much destruction in the city. According to Allied press reports Hitler ordered the attack on the Soviet Union against the advice of his own General Staff. The US granted Britain a $425 million loan. India established a War Cabinet. Following the disquieting reports about the purely military composition of the new Japanese Cabinet, President Roosevelt ordered an automatic extension of services of all personnel in the US Army, Navy and Air Force. In Lebanon and Syria Gen. Catroux of De Gaulle's Free French force replaced all administrative functions formerly held by General Dentz, who remained loyal to the Vichy government. 50 YEARS AGO On July 23, 1956, The Jerusalem Post reported that UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold, who had concluded his extensive talks with Israel, left for Egypt to meet President Nasser in Cairo. Hammarskjold assured Israel that he would seek a broader peace accord, or perhaps more Egyptian respect for the armistice agreement they signed with Israel. The Israeli Cabinet got full report on discussions that were held with the UN secretary-general in Jerusalem. Infiltrators from Jordan opened fire on workers in the Kastel area. Egypt agreed that the fedayeen in Gaza would be named a "Liberation Army" and would carry insignia with a "Palestine flag" to distinguish them from Egyptians. [Gaza was under Egyptian occupation.] According to the world-famous anthropologist Prof. Margaret Mead, who spent three weeks studying the absorption of new immigrants in Israel, this country enjoyed unique conditions for developing a society free of any racial prejudices. 25 YEARS AGO On July 23, 1981, The Jerusalem Post reported that Prime Minister Menachem Begin visited Galilee and promised local citizens and end to terror from Katyushas. In the US Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger accused Begin of derailing all the peace efforts of Philip Habib, his personal envoy. Israeli circles expressed astonishment at this completely unjustified accusation and claimed that, on the contrary, Israel offered Habib its full cooperation. President Reagan argued that Israel was also a victim of violence and asked for peace efforts on both sides. The Israel Air Force again bombed again Lebanese bridges and terrorists' lines of communications, but claimed that it was trying hard to limit any civilian casualties. Habib sought Saudi Arabian aid in order to work out a truce.