Israel is not the same without Amnon Lipkin-Shahak. Our human landscape
is poorer, more arid, with less humanity, courage and wisdom.
It took his
sad passing away for the country to express and understand what a man he was – a
symbol, maybe the most outstanding one, of the beautiful and moral
But Lipkin-Shahak was much more than a symbol. He was an Israeli
patriot; a courageous fighter; a decorated and respected commander; a winner in
necessary wars, who understood maybe best, the necessity for Israel to translate
its power into an accommodation with the Arabs, especially with the
Palestinians; a charismatic and humane person and personality, who was respected
by all; and a man of family and love.
I was privileged to have known
Amnon for 25 years.
We worked together on peace at very critical
crossroads for the country. Yet I am not writing this article to recount our
friendship, which meant a lot to me, but to tell about the man, whose
personality and life should be a guiding light for our future.
President Shimon Peres said in his moving eulogy, Lipkin-Shahak’s legacy to all
of us is in the necessity and the possibility to win the biggest of victories –
His legacy emanates from the many important stations of his life:
• The courageous fighter: At a very young age he became a decorated officer –
one of only two men be decorated twice with the Medal of Courage, for the
courageous battle against terrorists in Karama (1968) and Beirut (1973); a red
beret, whose many military operations remain untold.
When I visited the
PLO in Tunis with him many years ago, I had the distinct sense that this was not
his first “visit” to the city; in the past in commando battle, in 1994 in the
battle for peace.
• The intelligence officer: Lipkin-Shahak was chief of
our illustrious Military Intelligence service for five years.
intelligence is about knowing and understanding the enemy. Israel is known to
have one of the best and most effective intelligence services – although we have
sometimes misread our neighbors, as happened twice with Anwar Sadat (in the 1973
war offensive and in the 1977 peace offensive). This is due to the fact that we
probably know much about the Arabs and understand little.
had both attributes – knowledge and understanding. Once, when I visited him in
his office, he was virtually buried under a pile of intelligence
I asked him: “How can you read and digest so much
information?” Amnon answered: “I read for several hours, then I tell myself that
probably 90 percent of what I just read is irrelevant to reality, and that I
have to rely on my understanding, intuition and experience. He really knew and
understood the neighborhood in which he lived.
• The strategist and chief
of staff: Unlike most in our military and defense establishment, who had and
still have a narrow, short-term view of our security, Lipkin- Shahak thought
about our national security for the long-term, and knew the best way to combine
strategy and tactics.
For him, long-term security meant a strong Israel,
capable of defending itself and deterring its enemies, and also a country able
to create alliances and new relations with our neighbors. These qualities
convinced Yitzhak Rabin to appoint him chief of staff. Lipkin-Shahak, as I
witnessed firsthand, was the officer, if not the person, closest to Rabin: to
Amnon, Rabin actually listened.
• The man of peace: After the Oslo
Agreements, when Rabin and Peres began to involve the military leadership of the
country in the decision-making process and the negotiations, Lipkin-Shahak was
appointed to head our negotiation team on the first implementation of the
accords in Gaza and Jericho. As the one who headed our delegation for the
accords, I was asked to be on his side – at the time he was deputy chief of
After meeting the PLO in fierce, uncompromising battle, he now met
its leadership favoring important political compromise. We spent hundreds of
hours of negotiations in Taba and Cairo. To the PLO leadership he met – Yasser
Arafat, Abu Mazen (Mahmoud Abbas), Abu Ala (Ahmed Qurei), Nabil Sha’ath, Jibril
Rajoub, and Muhammad Dahlan – he was the officer who had fought and chased them
in battle and commando operations.
Yet after meeting him, despite his
strong positions on security, they not only listened to him but began to respect
Lipkin-Shahak’s security demands were always clearly and strongly
stated in favor of the need to fight terrorism, necessary deployment of the IDF
and security cooperation. Yet he understood very well that security for Israel
in the long-term was closely linked, if not dependent on, a political settlement
with our neighbors, primarily the Palestinians. Though he perhaps knew best how
to win on the battleground, he also knew that one cannot defeat another people,
or dominate their lives and destinies; and that a political accommodation was
therefore necessary and possible.
This became evident when after the
horrendous massacre in Hebron in the beginning of 1994, committed by the insane
Jewish terrorist Baruch Goldstein, Lipkin- Shahak and I were sent secretly,
together with other officers, to meet with Yasser Arafat in Tunis. The PLO
leader in a rage had decided consequently to stop all negotiations, and the
peace process itself. Before flying to Tunis, we met with Rabin and
We knew Arafat was under heavy pressure and criticism from
Palestinian public opinion for the compromises he made at Oslo with Israel, and
was even held indirectly responsible for the killings of 29 Palestinians during
Muslim prayer at a holy site. Arafat, therefore, through the Americans, demanded
the immediate evacuation of the Jewish quarter in Hebron. We asked our superiors
how we should respond to the Palestinian demand. We were told by Rabin: “At this
time just express our condolences and ask him to return to
While we knew that the prime minister had opted for some
evacuation of Jews from the heart of Hebron, we found out later that he was
convinced by Ehud Barak and other officers to abstain from that move, fearing a
strong reaction by the settlers.
In Tunis, we met a deeply shaken Arafat
at his headquarters.
While receiving us politely, he was clearly in a
rage: “Tell Rabin” he cried out, “that my people are humiliated and angry, that
without the evacuation of the Jewish quarter I will be unable to renew the
negotiations. Does your government want to destroy me?” His peers were
even more adamant.
We expressed our condolences and sorrow for the
killing of innocent Palestinians by an Israeli, and left to consult with
Jerusalem by phone, and with the Americans who were also present in Tunis for
talks with Arafat, with Dennis Ross leading the delegation, dispatched by
president Bill Clinton to rescue the peace process. Ross tried to convince us to
find a compromise formula that would reinstate Arafat’s clout as a leader, and
allow for the renewal of negotiations. Yet our leaders remained adamant: “There
is nothing you can give Arafat, except for an unarmed international force in
Hebron” is what we heard from Rabin and Peres on the phone.
Amnon and I
went on a long walk through the streets of Tunis, to discuss how to present this
to Arafat and convince him to renew negotiations. After a long conversation,
Lipkin-Shahak told me characteristically: “I will always do what is best – tell
him the truth: that he will get nothing from us that can strengthen his hand
with his own people, and that he must face his people as a leader, share a dire
reality with them, and decide according to their long-term interests, to renew
negotiations and the peace process.”
We returned this time to Arafat’s
home, and Lipkin- Shahak asked to see him alone, just the two of
The PLO leader asked him to join him in his kitchen, while the two
delegations waited in the living room. I could only hear Amnon saying: “Mr.
Chairman, I speak to you as one general to another, it is time for you to show
leadership.” Their conversation lasted for no more than 10 minutes.
joined us and left Arafat to reflect for a long time. We waited in tense
silence. Aborting the talks could mean the end of the peace process and the
renewal of terrorism for years to come. Then Arafat joined us, and to the
surprise and dismay of his colleagues announced with relative calm that he had
decided to renew the negotiations almost immediately in Cairo, and that he would
speak to his people in a televised address. Lipkin- Shahak had convinced him
that real leadership was about unpopular decisions and loneliness, attributes
very characteristic for Lipkin-Shahak himself throughout his professional
This was one of the many times that the quiet, charismatic, tough
and humane Lipkin-Shahak was able to convince the Palestinian leadership of the
value of compromise, based on clearly set limits.
In time, although a
very tough negotiator, Amnon Lipkin-Shahak became the one Israeli the
Palestinians grew to respect and trust most – a fierce enemy in battle, a strong
Israeli patriot with rigorous demands on security, and a man who knew best how
to create a common language. I know of no diplomat who has such diplomatic
qualities; an officer and a man of peace.
• The politician: It is
precisely the aforementioned qualities that made him unfit for Israeli politics.
I joined him in the effort to create a political center, together with Dalia
Rabin, Yitzhak Mordechai, Dan Meridor and Roni Milo, merging Left and Right in
favor of peace, after the extreme social polarization in the aftermath of
In the Knesset and government, Lipkin-Shahak was
disappointed with the disgusting and dishonest nature of Israeli politics, and
we resigned together from the Knesset in 2001. He had already proclaimed that
“Bibi Netanyahu was dangerous for Israel,” although he did not have a much
better opinion of Ehud Barak. People of great ego were hardly his cup of tea. He
was a true believer and servant of the Israeli cause.
• The citizen:
While he joined the private sector, for example at El Al, he continued to give
his sagacious advice to the political leadership when asked for, and contributed
to peaceful regional cooperation in his eight-year tenure as chairman of the
board of the Peres Center for Peace.
Throughout his career Amnon
Lipkin-Shahak proved to be a unique and admired personality. He was courageous,
physically and mentally, and proved to have military courage and civil courage,
and also personal courage in his confrontation with cancer. He never complained
and rarely spoke about himself, and had a tremendous ability to listen to and
These are all uncharacteristic qualities for an
Israeli, and yet Lipkin-Shahak in his personality, thought and emotion remains
the quintessential Israeli, the reflection of a beautiful Israeli. A man with
great charisma and charm, people loved and followed Lipkin-Shahak, and I was no
Above all he proved to have tremendous humanity in both his
professional and his personal life. Humanitarian values shaped his actions and
opinions, human consideration fostered his friendships. And more than anything
he loved his family, his children and the love of his life, Tallie, whom he
mentioned with passion at every occasion.
At a time when Israel is most
in need of these qualities – courage, strategic foresight, self-confidence,
understanding of and with others, strength, humanity and humility – the man who
personified and symbolized all these is no longer among us. Arrogance,
short-sightedness and self-obsession are on the rise. Yet we owe it to one of
Israel’s best leaders and sons to follow his legacy.
The writer is
president of the Peres Center for Peace and served as Israel’s chief negotiator
for the Oslo Accords.